Zamboanga City, Philippines
The City of Flowers and Asia's Latin City.

Zamboanga City, Philippines.
The City of Flowers and Asia's Latin City.

Zamboanga City News : Sunday, June 10, 2012 –- DOLE 9 Efficiency and Integrity Board to tap Triparite council : Pagadian City (PIA) -- The Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE-9).... Full Story »

The Philippines' self-governing system before the Spanish inquisition was based on a myriad of groups of people scattered throughout the populated islands, mostly ruled by a tribal leader. These groups of people were called “Barangays“, a Malay term for community.

Under the Spanish rule, the same governing concept was applied to their Filipino subjects, and this was called the “barrio” system, or wards ( neighborhoods ). Under the present system of government of The Philippines, the barangay was re-integrated , and is an important part of a city or province’s make up. In Zamboanga City, a chartered city, the role of the barangay is much the same as in the past. There are 98 barangays in Zamboanga City, each headed by a barangay “captain,” an elected official, operating under the office of the city mayor and the city council members.

Every barangay has a unique and special makeup of its place, its people, and its customs, making them a challenging discovery for the more adventurous spirit. There is intense competition amongst each barangay as to which one organizes the best fiesta, beautification projects, tourist attractions, cuisine, and many other cultural aspects. We at Zamboanga.com will provide an avenue for each barangay to showcase their individuality, making them an integral part of our global community and economy.

We have a web site for each barangay. If you can help update, please go to the barangay page and click on "Add Valuable Information".

In the beginning, there was Jambangan (not Samboangan, as others might insist - it came later as a Spanish inflection to their pronunciation) the ancient place that was settled in the 1200s by the Subanons, who are considered by historians to be the founding fathers of the place they called the “Land of Flowers.” (interesting historical note: The mainland of the North American continent was first sighted by the Spanish explorer and treasure hunter Don Juan Ponce de Leon on Easter, March 27, 1513. He claimed the land for Spain and named it La Florida, meaning "Land of Flowers".) They are of Malayan decent who traveled away from their homeland in Indonesia to find their new home on the tip of the Mindanao island peninsula. They are a farming-based people who choose to settle along the banks of the rivers (called suba in their native tongue) and consequently derived their ethnic name from it. The Subanons (“People of the River”) mostly grew root and tree crops, along with their rice staple, which they still do to this day.

One can only imagine how Jambangan must have looked back then, with its profusion of native vegetation and flowers. It is said that Marco Polo’s ship probably spent some time exploring the coasts of Mindanao and Sulu in 1292 while waiting many months on the coast of Sumatra, Indonesia for a favorable monsoon to deliver a royal bride from the court of Kublai Khan, a grandson of Genghis Khan and supreme leader of the vast empire of Mongolia (1215-94), to the Khan of Persia and may have made contact with the new inhabitants of the region.  The monsoons around this area of Southeast Asia were constant and reliable, well known to all the seasoned mariners and widely credited for the profusion of early commerce in the area.2  The Chinese have historical documentation of trade between the Malayan transplants who occupied the Sulu Archipelago and their residents, mainly from theFujian, or Fukien, Province that started during this century and continued on to this day.  Astoundingly, Filipino archivist credit this era's Chinese connection with Fujian as the sole contributor to the lineage of ninety percent (90%) of Chinese-Filipino (Chino-Pinoy or ChiNoy) ancestry.  The trade monopoly between Fujian, China and The Philippines, especially with the early Malay settlers who congregated in the Sulu Archipelago region, is a testament to the very strong position ancient Jambangan enjoys today as the international business trade center for all of south-western Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago.

NOTE:  Koxinga (see 1600s A.D.) is from Fujian and his threat to Spanish rule in the Philippines reflects this ancient trade monopoly.

*1300s A.D. – The Malayan influx

Then came the Badjaos and the Samals from Malayan decent who settled along the Jambangan shoreline in the 1300s. They made contact with the founding Subanons who told them the namesake of their newfound home. The new settlers however preferred to call it Samboangan, which to this day is what they sentimentally call it. However, those who still insist on referring to Samboangan as the original name of Zamboanga City are subject to debate of loose historical facts. One can only imagine the migration route that was founded by the Malayan settlers into Jambangan and Mindanao, and the trade route that ensued along the Sulu Archipelago between them, Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei, and the traders from the Middle East, India, China, and Japan who were plying the waters of this area.

The Tausugs came next along with the Yakans, both of Malayan decent also. The Tausugs eventually became the most dominant and aggressive ethnic group of the entire region, establishing their own Sultanate based in the island of Jolo, Philippines, and was part of the bigger Sultanate of Brunei in north Borneo, a thriving trade center of more than 70,000 people. The world at this time was in a trading frenzy and the Malays were leading the way to new products, commerce, and exotic shores, and Jambangan was a contributor to this trade activity. The Badjaos, Samals, Tausugs, and Yakans from Malaysia and Borneo/Brunei still consist a big majority of the minority group that make up today's area population. On the other hand, the founding Subanons of Indonesia have long moved their nucleus onto the hinterlands of the Mindanao Island peninsula to pursue their ancient ways, leaving behind only a semblance of their numerous presence. One can catch a glimpse of what it must have been like in the early days by visiting their mountain home today. The Yakans would choose to establish themselves in the island of Basilan, with a small thriving community present here today. The Badjaos are a sea-faring tribe in its truest sense and can be seen scattered around the Sulu Archipelago, but have a loose foothold on residency here.

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List of Barangays:

Zamboanga City

Arena Blanco

Ayala

Baliwasan

Baluno

Boalan

Bolong

Buenavista

Bunguiao

Busay

Cabaluay

Cabatangan

Cacao

Calabasa

Calarian

Camino Nuevo

Campo Islam

Canelar

Capisan

Cawit

Culianan

Curuan
Daap

Dita

Divisoria

Dulian (Upper Bunguiao)

Dulian (Upper Pasonanca)

Guisao

Guiwan

Kasanyangan

La Paz

Labuan

Lamisahan

Landang Gua (Sacol isl.)

Landang Laum (Sacol isl.)

Lanzones

Lapakan

Latuan (Curuan)

Licomo

Limaong

Limpapa

Lubigan

Lumayang

Lumbangan

Lunzuran

Maasin

Malagutay

Mampang

Manalipa

Mangusu

Manicahan

Mariki

Mercedes

Muti

Pamucutan

Pangapuyan

Panubigan

Pasilmanta (Sacol Island)

Pasobolong 

Pasonanca

Patalon

Putik

Quiniput

Recodo

Rio Hondo

Salaan

San Jose Cawa-Cawa

San Jose Gusu

San Ramon

San Roque

Sangali

Sibulao (Curuan)

Sinubong

Sinunuc

Sta. Barbara

Sta. Catalina

Sta. Maria

Sto. Niño

Tagasilay

Taguiti

Talabaan

Talisayan

Talon-Talon

Taluksangay

Tetuan

Tictapul

Tigbalabag

Tigtabon

Tolosa

Tugbungan

Tulungatung

Tumaga

Tumalutab

Tumitus

Victoria

Vitali

Zambowood

Zone I

Zone II

Zone III

Zone IV

 


Zamboanga City, Pasonanca, Philippines Tree house, taken 2007

Zamboanga City, Santa Maria, Philippines Nipa house of Carmen Lacandalo Basilio in the 1960's

Zamboanga City, Tumaga, Philippines Hanging Bridge - Taken in July 2007

Zamboanga City, Zone IV, Philippines Muslim Mosque picture taken July 2007

Zamboanga City, Manicahan, Philippines Barangay Hall June 2007

Zamboanga City, San Ramon, Philippines April 2007

Zamboanga City, Quiniput, Philippines School - Taken June 2007

Zamboanga City, Curuan, Philippines - Catholic Church - April 2007

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