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Baybay City, Leyte, Philippines

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Baybay is a city located in the province of Leyte, Philippines. It is often called by the locals as the “City of Baybay” and it is preferred by the local government officials. It is the 2nd largest city in the province in terms of land area. Covering an area of 46,050 hectares, Baybay is composed of 92 barangays, 23 of which are in the poblacion. The remaining 69 are rural barangays. It is situated on the western coast of the province of Leyte.

Barangays of Baybay City, in the Leyte Province of the Philippines
AltavistaAmbacanAmguhanAmpihanonBalaoBanahaoBiasongBidlinanBitanhuanBubonBuenavistaBungaButiganCandadamCaridadCiaboCogonGa-asGabasGakatGuadalupeGubangHibunawanHiguloanHilapnitanHipusngoIgangImeldaJaenaKabalasanKabatuanKabungaanKagumayKambongganKan-ipaKansungkaKantagnosKilimLintaonMaganhanMahayahayMailhiMaitumMakinhasMapgapMarcosMaslugMatam-isMaybogMaypatagMonte VerdeMontericoPalhiPangasunganPansaganPatagPlaridelPoblacion Zone 1Poblacion Zone 2Poblacion Zone 3Poblacion Zone 4Poblacion Zone 5Poblacion Zone 6Poblacion Zone 7Poblacion Zone 8Poblacion Zone 9Poblacion Zone 10Poblacion Zone 11Poblacion Zone 12Poblacion Zone 13Poblacion Zone 14Poblacion Zone 15Poblacion Zone 16Poblacion Zone 17Poblacion Zone 18Poblacion Zone 19Poblacion Zone 20Poblacion Zone 21Poblacion Zone 22Poblacion Zone 23PomponanPuntaSabangSan AgustinSan IsidroSan JuanSanta CruzSanto RosarioSapaVilla Mag-asoVilla SolidaridadZacarito
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Philippines News: Tuesday, April 15, 2014 -- PH airlines stand to gain much from FAA upgrade : Now that the Philippines has regained its Category 1 status from the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), expect the local airlines to reap the benefits of flying to more destinations in the United States, aviation consultancy CAPA Center for Aviation said in a report .... More

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List of Municipalities in the province of Leyte within Region VIII in the Republic of The Philippines
Abuyog || Alangalang || Albuera || Babatngon || Barugo || Bato || Burauen || Calubian || Capoocan || Carigara || Dagami || Dulag || Hilongos || Hindang || Inopacan || Isabel || Jaro || Javier || Julita || Kananga || La Paz || Leyte || Macarthur || Mahaplag || Matag-Ob || Matalom || Mayorga || Merida || Palo || Palompon || Pastrana || San Isidro || San Miguel || Santa Fe || Tabango || Tabontabon || Tanauan || Tolosa || Tunga || Villaba
Cities in the province of Leyte: Baybay City || Ormoc City || Tacloban City (Capital)
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Contents

Geography of Baybay City, Leyte, Philippines

Baybay Land Area (as of 2007, in hectares)= 45,934

Location of Baybay City, Leyte, Philippines

Baybay is a city located in the province of Leyte, Philippines. It is often called by the locals as the “City of Baybay” and it is preferred by the local government officials. It is the 2nd largest city in the province in terms of land area. Covering an area of 46,050 hectares, Baybay is composed of 92 barangays, 23 of which are in the poblacion. The remaining 69 are rural barangays. It is situated on the western coast of the province of Leyte.

History of Baybay City, Leyte, Philippines

information source: users.belgacom.net/Baybay - verbatim

Baybay was believed to be the only settlement on the western coast of Leyte known to the first Spanish conquistadors that came with Magellan, as was Abuyog in the eastern part of the province, and Limasawa and Cabalian in the south. In 1620, the Jesuit fathers which belonged to the "residencia" of Carigara, the first and central station of the Society of Jesus in Leyte.

By superior approbation, Baybay was created a parish on September 8, 1835 with the invocation of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception. However, the town was erected and independent parish on February 27, 1836.

When the Augustinians took over the administration of the parish after the expulsion of the Jesuits, they opened the first school in Baybay. During their time, the first road leading to Palompon was constructed, thus bringing Baybay closer to her neighboring municipalities. The Augustinian fathers stayed in the town for 75 years - all of which they devoted to the upliftment of the natives in education and in their economic standing.

The first church of Baybay was built in Barrio Punta where it still stands today but is in need of repair. Punta is one of the seven original barrios of Baybay and was even believed to be the original site of Baybay itself, although there are others who say that it was actually in Kabkab, in the vicinity of Barrio Pangasugan.

Chinese invaders attempted to conquer the community, but the brave and staunch natives foiled several attempts. When the Spanish conquistadors spread themselves out to the provinces, an expeditionary force under Felipe Segundo, evidently looking for a bigger settlement, landed in a barrio north of the town which was and still is called Pangasugan. Landing near the river, he pointed to a spot and asked a native in Spanish for the name of the place. Unable to understand Spanish and thinking that Felipe Segundo wanted to ask about the river, he answered in Visayan, " Ang suba nagbaybay sa Pangasugan." This is how Baybay got its name.

Baybay also suffered from Moro raids. On October 22, 1605, one such raid occurred and the pirates, after leaving countless dead, carried off 60 men as captives. Again, on November 4, 1663, moors under the dreaded Corralat took their toll of human lives and captives after mercilessly slaughtering the handful of men who defended the town with the aid of the parish priest.

Baybay suffered a great setback in 1866 when a great fire practically reduced the town to ashes leaving only the chapel of the Holy Cross in a miraculous manner.

The civil administration of the town during the Spanish era was placed in the hands of the gobernadorcillo, assisted by a teniente and the different jueces and cabezas. In 1892, in accordance with the provisions of the Mayura law, the head of the municipal government was given the designation of "Capitan Municipal" and his assistants in office were called "teniente mayor indice" and the "teniente de policia." For the first time, a juez de paz was designated and a detachment of guardias civiles was placed in the town.

The construction of the church, which still stands today, was begun under the engineering administration of Mariano Vasnillio during the term of Fr. Vicente E. Coronado in 1852. The construction lagged for ten years after which the work was resumed under Maestro Proceso, who came from Manila for the purpose of finishing the work. The church was finally finished in 1870 after Capitan Mateo Espinoso, a sculptor and painter of renown, put on the finishing touches. The altar and the rails as they stand today are a credit to his genius.

As the Spanish residents moved away in the early months of 1898, the reins of local government passed completely into the hands of the Filipino officials. An election was held and Don Quirimon Alkuino was elected as the first Filipino presidente. However, after about four months, Gen. Vicente Lukban nullified the results of the election and ordered another one to be held, with the same results. Lukban ordered that the barrios of Baybay be named after the tenientes, thus Caridad was renamed "Veloso," Plaridel became "Alvarado," Bitanhuan was named "Coronado." San Agustin "Sabando," Punta "Virgineza," Pomponan "Montefolka," Gabas "Bartolini", etc.

Throughout these years, Baybay developed into one of the biggest towns in Leyte.

The port of Baybay was closed in 1899 by the American coast guards. The price of commodities soared and products like copra and hemp accumulated in the docks. The order was lifted, but only after 14 ships, the greatest number to dock in port at one time, had stayed in port for days waiting for the order to leave.

On February 10, 1901, the first Americans arrived in Baybay on the ship "Melliza", their arrival caused great confusion and the people evacuated to the barrios. Only a few officials stayed in the town. The next day, soldiers scoured the countryside convincing the people to return to their homes.

Even while the local government was under Don Quirimon Alkuino, he was under orders to follow Capt. Gilmore's (commander of the American attachment) advice. Eventually, this caused conflicts in the local government, and Filipinos took to the hills to join the fight against the Americans.

There were several attempts to attack the American garrison in the town, but practically all of them failed because the Americans had superior arms. Don Guilermo Alkuino and Don Magdaleno Fernandez led the first attack with more than 200 men. The American soldiers fought another in Barrio Pomponan that resulted in the death of 30 men and the destruction of the barrio.

A group of Hilongosnons under the renowned Francisco Flordelis made an attempt in 1901 but they were driven off in a battle at Barrio Punta.

Filipino nationalist made Baybay one of the areas where they made their last stand against the Americans. Later, the surrender ceremonies were held in the town, but only after numerous conferences between American officers and Filipino pacifists were held to effect the surrender of the resistance leaders. The surrender of Capt. Florentino Penaranda who was the last to give up the fight was a colorful one. All his men and officers, thousands of them, gathered at the banks of the Pagbanganan River. From there, they marched to the plaza in front of the municipal hall where the American officers were waiting. Before the Filipinos laid down their arms, Penaranda delivered a speech that even today is considered one of the most stirring addresses made in the province. To commemorate the event, a sumptuous banquet was held for the Americans and the Filipino nationalists. The following day, the Filipino soldiers trekked home in their uniforms to start another life of peace and work.

A sect of the Protestant religion entered Baybay for the first time sometime in 1900. They established their own church in the poblacion. In 1902, the Philippine Independent Church established itself in the barrio of Caridad; shortly afterwards, the Seventh Day Adventists came in.

At the turn of the century, a provincial high school was founded in Baybay, one of the first high schools in Leyte. The government also established the Baybay National Agricultural School for young farmers of Visayas and Mindanao.

The Japanese forces came to Baybay in two waves in 1942. A puppet government was established shortly after their arrival wherein Paterno Tan Sr. was the mayor.

In 1944, American planes passed the town in bombing missions in Cebu. They bombed a ship at anchor in the port of Baybay and left it in flames. The Japanese Imperial Forces left the town on October 19, 1944.

Baybay was used by liberation forces as a springboard for patrol units in the south and for forces that went north for the great battle of Ormoc, where a fierce battle was raging. The hospital was taken over by the provincial government and is still functioning today.

Baybay today is one of the biggest towns in Leyte, both in population and land area. (The land area is 410.5 sq. Km.) It leads in the category of third class towns in the province.

People of Baybay City, Leyte, Philippines

  • Baybay Population (as of Aug 1, 2007) = 102,526
  • Baybay Population (as of 2010 Censs) = 102,841

  • Baybay Registered Voters (2009) = 57,174
  • Baybay Registered Voters (2010) = 55,266

Local Government Unit LGU of Baybay City, Leyte, Philippines

The Sangguniang Panlungsod is composed of the City (Municipality) Vice-Mayor as Presiding Officer, regular Sanggunian members (Councilors), the President of the Association of Barangay Captains and the President of the Sangguniang Kabataan.

They shall exercise and perform the legislative powers and duties as provided for under Republic Act No. 7160, otherwise known as the Local Government Code of 1991. Shall consider and conduct thorough study all matters brought to their attention and consequently pass resolutions, enact ordinances and to introduce recommendations.


Elected Government Officials of Baybay City for the term of 2013-2016
  1. BUTAWAN, EDEN (LP) LIBERAL PARTY 12056 8.05%
  2. ASTORGA, ALI (LP) LIBERAL PARTY 11586 7.73%
  3. ASILOM, JUN (LP) LIBERAL PARTY 11382 7.60%
  4. LORETO, CRISTELO (LP) LIBERAL PARTY 10492 7.00%
  5. FERNANDEZ, ALAN (LP) LIBERAL PARTY 10421 6.96%
  6. OMPOY, EDGAR (LP) LIBERAL PARTY 10124 6.76%
  7. MURILLO, DOMI (LP) LIBERAL PARTY 9760 6.51%
  8. VELOSO, TESSIE (LP) LIBERAL PARTY 9731 6.50%
  9. PALMA, RODULFO JR. (LP) LIBERAL PARTY 9526 6.36%
  10. MUÑEZ, LOLITO (LP) LIBERAL PARTY 8980 5.99%

Elected Government Officials of Baybay City for the term of 2010-2013

Elected Government Officials of Baybay City for the term of 2007-2010

Barangay Elected Officials of Baybay City, Leyte

Businesses in Baybay City, Leyte, Philippines

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Businesses in Baybay City
  • Auto and Motorcycle dealers
  • Banks and Financial Institutions in Baybay City
  • Clinics and Hospitals
  • Convenient Stores, Hardware and Supplies
  • Department Stores and Appliance Stores
  • Hotels, Motels, Pension Houses and Boarding
  • Pharmacies or Drug Stores
  • Repair Shops
  • Restaurants, Carenderias, Coffee Shops and Resorts in Baybay City
  • Salons and Barber Shops
  • Supermarket, wet market

Real Estate for Sale or lease in Baybay City, Leyte, Philippines

  • If you have real estate property, whether its commercial, residential, farm land, or just an empty lot in Baybay, you can list that property for free. Click to VIEW, EDIT, or ADD Realty Listings.
  • You can list your House and lot or farm land for sale or lease for free.
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Churches, Mosques, or Places of Worship in Baybay, Leyte, Philippines

The name of your church, mosque, or place of worship can be listed here. We can even provide you with a free webpage. We can help you.

Schools in Baybay City, Leyte, Philippines

School year 2013-2014 starts June 3 and ends March 31, 2014, for public elementary and secondary schools. The school year will have 201 school days, of which 180 days are “nonnegotiable” student-teacher contact time.

The multisectoral Brigada Eskwela to prepare schools for the students’ return will be on May 21-26. Oplan Balik Eskwela will be from May 28 to June 8 while orientation on K to 12 for parents and other stakeholders will be on June 9.

Although private schools may deviate from the Department of Education (DepEd) calendar, they are enjoined not to start before June 3 and later than Aug 31.


School Year 2013-2014 in public elementary and high schools will start on June 3 and end on March 31, 2014 The name of your school in Baybay can be listed here. You can list it like this:

  • Name of School. Private or Public. It can be an elementary school, high school, college.
    • Address of your school
    • Telephone Number
    • Principal of the school

You can also create a webpage for your school. We can help you.


  • Visayas State University is located approximately 8 kilometers from Baybay town proper. Aside from its being the Center of Excellence in Agriculture, in Agricultural Engineering and in Forestry in the Visayas region, the university is famous for having a clean and beautiful campus. It has become the destination for cross-visits and field trips of students from other institutions.
  • Baybay National High School

Economy of Baybay City, Leyte, Philippines

Generally an agricultural city, the common means of livelihood are farming and fishing. Some are engaged in hunting and in forestal activities. The most common crops grown are rice, corn, abaca, root crops, fruits, and vegetables. Various cottage industries can also be found in Baybay such as bamboo and rattan craft, ceramics, dress-making, fiber craft, food preservation, mat weaving, metal craft, fine Philippine furniture manufacturing and other related activities.

Baybay is a major port on the central west coast of Leyte, Philippines, where ferries leave for Cebu and other islands. With the mountains in the background and the typical old Spanish church with the nice bell tower dominating the town, it makes a most attractive and beautiful picture seen at dawn from a ship just arriving in port.

Natural Resources of Baybay, Leyte, Philippines

Protect the environment

It is sad but true that as of the year 2012 the rivers of the Philippines continue to be the #1 Sewer Systems of the Philippines.

Protect & Save the Rivers. Do not let your sewer drain into the river. Your community can be the first to initiate this project.
Build your riverbank protection with a built-in gutter system. Reforest within Ten Years - Guaranteed!


Let us plant more trees in every barangay in the entire Philippines. It does not make any difference if the barangay is urban, partially urban or rural; we need more trees. Trees will prevent erosion, provide oxygen, prevent green house effect, and even a place of business for the shade tree mechanic.

The Philippines is a tropical country and practically anything will grow. The DENR has the planting trees project that goes on every year. Lots of picture taking for the media. Planting trees one by one is the "human" way of doing it. This individual planting of trees is good if done to "line" the roads and highways with trees or along fences or property divisions, or if you have a plantation.

To reforest the nation of the Philippines we have to plant trees the "mother nature" way. Sow the seeds during the rainy season. Go deep into "bald" forests and plant trees by sowing seeds. If there's not enough volunteers to do this, use the military helicopters to fly over the designated areas and sow the seeds.

Guaranteed within a few years, The Philippines will be lush again. >>Read More


We are using our rivers as our sewer system. If you ask a Filipino, "Are the Filipinos a clean people?" The answer is an automatic, "Yes!". However, the Filipinos are suffering from the same disease or attitude as most people do, and that is the "NIMBY" disease or "NIMBY" attitude. (NIMBY) Not In My Back Yard. So it is OK to dump my garbage and sewer there. Not mine! Someone else will take care of it.

This attitude is killing our rivers. Your great-grandparents, grandparents or parents were once proud to tell the stories of how they enjoyed swimming in the river behind your house or nearby. However, you can't say the same or tell the same stories to your kids or grand kids. Why? Because your generation is killing the river.

Contact:

  • Secretary Ramon J. P. Paje
  • Department of Environment and Natural Resources
  • Visayas Avenue, Diliman, 1100 Quezon City, Philippines
  • +63-2-929-6626
  • osec@denr.gov.ph

We have so much water in the Philippines and yet very little to drink.


Instead of relying too much on Diesel fuel and Coal to generate the majority of Philippine's Electrical energy Supply, we can concentrate more on renewable and sustainable source of energy such as: Hydro Power, Solar Power, and Wind Power. We have too many black outs.

Tourists Attractions of Baybay City, Leyte, Philippines

  • Help us add some of the tourist attractions of Baybay in Z-wiki. This will help boost the local economy of Baybay. Anything that is unique or anything that stands out in your community may be a tourist attraction.
  • Landmarks are usually photographed a lot by visitors. Post the Baybay landmarks here.

Festivals, Fiestas and Traditions of Baybay City, Leyte, Philippines

Every city has some sort of a festival or tradition that is celebrated every year. In the Philippines almost all barangays that are predominantly populated by Christians celebrate fiesta. Tell us about the festivals, fiestas and traditions of Baybay.

Featured News of The Philippines

  • PH airlines stand to gain much from FAA upgrade
  • Tuesday, April 15, 2014 12:14 am
Now that the Philippines has regained its Category 1 status from the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), expect the local airlines to reap the benefits of flying to more destinations in the United States, aviation consultancy CAPA Center for Aviation said in a report.
The Category 1 safety rating was granted last week by the FAA six years after the Philippines satisfied the US agency’s requirements. The previous Category 2 prevented Philippine carriers operating in the US from expanding operations and blocked the entry of new players ....................... Full Story»

  • Growth likely to be sustained in Q1
  • Monday, April 14, 2014 12:00 am
MANILA, Philippines - The robust economic growth achieved by the country is expected to be sustained in the first quarter, the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas said.
BSP Governor Amando M. Tetangco Jr. said the recent demand indicators as well as the Puchasing Managers’ Index, which indicates the situation of the manufacturing sector, have been pointing to continued growth of the economy ....................... Full Story»

  • Carabao Festival
Date: May 14 - Location: Angono, Rizal
Farmers pay tribute to their patron saints; a procession of carabao carts bearing a myriad local produce is held; prizes are awarded to the strongest and most beautifully decorated carabaos.
Date: May 14 Location: Pulilan, Bulacan
Hundreds of festively adorned carabaos are paraded by their farmer-owners on the street leading to the church; there the carabaos are made to kneel down as a homage to San Isidro de Labrado, the patron saint of farmers.

  • Le Tour serves as Incheon Asiad qualifier
  • Wednesday, April 16, 2014 12:00 am
MANILA, Philippines - The 2014 Le Tour de Filipinas firing off Monday in Clark, Pampanga will serve as part of the eliminations for members of the national team vying in this year’s Asian Games in Incheon, South Korea.
According to PhilCycling president, Tagaytay City Rep. Abraham “Bambol” Tolentino, the top Filipino finishers in the 2014 Le Tour de Filipinas will have one wheel into the national pool for the Asian Games set from Sept. 19-Oct. 4 ....................... Full Story»

Your Story about Baybay City, Leyte, Philippines

Tell your story about Baybay. You can talk about the good things in Baybay or simply talk about the past. You can talk about the eco-system of Baybay. What is the local LGU doing about the preservation of your natural resources? The topic can start here and once it gets bigger it can have a page of its own in Z-Wiki. It's all up to you.

Baybay City, Leyte, Philippines supports Philippine Cycling

Philippine Cycling is about cycling in the Philippnes. Philippine Cycling helps promote bike races, cycling clubs, bicycle tours, and the development of bicycle trails. Activities are coordinated with bike shops and cycling clubs throughout the Philippines to promote the fun of riding bikes. Philippine Cycling will be coordinating events with tour of Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. Road biking and mountain bikings will be promoted by Philippine Cycling.
Cycling Activity to Participate In
Your cycling activity can be posted here and it will be posted in all the Provincial, City, Municipal and Barangay pages

Baybay City, Leyte Photo Gallery

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Disclaimer

Most of the contents in this site are taken from the department of tourism, comelec, natioanal statistical board, DILG, (LGU) government sites, online news, and other content sites about the specific community. This page does not serve as the official website of the community but rather compliments and helps the community to promote tourism and attract investors.

This is an interactive and collaborative webpage, meant to help promote this community and showcase it to the world via the internet.

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