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Cagayan Province, Philippines

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List of Municipalities in the Cagayan province within Region II in the Republic of The Philippines
Abulug | Alcala | Allacapan | Amulung | Aparri | Baggao | Ballesteros | Buguey | Calayan | Camalaniugan | Claveria | Enrile | Gattaran | Gonzaga | Iguig | Lal-Lo | Lasam | Pamplona | Peñablanca | Piat | Rizal | Sanchez-Mira | Santa Ana | Santa Praxedes | Santa Teresita | Santo Niño | Solana | Tuao
Cities in the province of Cagayan: Tuguegarao City (Capital)

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Cagayan Province within The Philippines
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Provincial Capitol of Cagayan Province
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Cagayan Province, Philippines

  • Cagayan has a total of 820 barangays, 28 municipalites, and 1 city
  • Registered Voters of Cagayan as of (2010) = 503,557
  • Population of Cagayan (as of Aug 1, 2007) = 1,072,571
  • Land Area of Cagayan (as of 2007, in hectares) = 929,575
  • Cagayan is a 1st class province.
  • The province of Cagayan is within Region II-Cagayan Valley in the island of Luzon.
  • The capital of Cagayan is Tuguegarao City


Geography and Topography of Cagayan, Philippines

Cagayan is a vast bio-diverse expanse of plains and valleys, bordered by mountains, running north to south both on its east and west ramparts. It is crisscrossed by rivers and creeks, the largest of which is the Cagayan River, which originates from Quirino, and traverses the Province from south to north. The larger tributaries of the Cagayan River are the Pinacanauan River in Peñablanca in the southeast; the Dummun River in Gattaran and the Pared River in Alcala, both in central Cagayan; and the Zinundungan River in Lasam and the Matalag River in Rizal, both in the west. The other rivers in the Province are the Chico River in southwest Cagayan at Tuao, the Pata River and Abulug River in the northwest, River in the northeast. These rivers drain the plains and valleys of the Province, and provide water for domestic and irrigation purposes, as well.

Of its total land area, 28.19% or 253,831 hectares are flat to nearly level land (See Slope Classification Table). This consists of alluvial plains, river deltas, low wetlands, mangroves, and beaches. Most of these are found contiguous to the bodies of water, especially along the Cagayan, Pared, Dummun, Pinacanauan, Abulug, and Chico rivers. These areas are planted to rice and corn, and are inundated during the wet season. The gentle and moderate slopes of the province, which constitute 6.08% and 13.48%, respectively of the total land area of the province are mostly contiguous to the level land, enclosing the plains of the meandering rivers and creeks. This arrangement forms the various dales or valleys found in between the hills of the province. (source verbatim from:

Location of Cagayan, Philippines

  • 18.4667° N, 122.1500° E - Cagayan Valley, Coordinates

Cagayan occupies the northeastern tip of the Philippines, bounded bythe Batanes Islands on the north, thePhilippine Sea (Pacific Ocean) on the east, Isabela Province on the south, and the Cordillera mountain ranges on the west, Cagayan has a total land area of 9,002.70 sq. km. It is just about 480 kilometers north of Manila. It is strategically located near the growing tigers of South East Asia like Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, South Korea and even Hong Kong and Japan. It is about 2,730 kilometers south west of Tokyo, Japan or only 570 kilometers south of Kaoshiung, Taiwan.

History of Cagayan, Philippines

Cagayan has a prehistoric civilization with rich and diverse culture. According to archeologists, the earliest man in the Philippines probably lived in Cagayan thousands of years ago. Evidences to this effect are now convincing beyond scientific doubt to consider it as an incontestable fact.

From available evidences, the Atta or Negrito - a short dark-skinned nomad - was the first man in Cagayan. They were later moved to the uplands by the Indo-Malays who eventually became the Ybanag, Ytawit, Yogad, Gaddang, Yraya and Malaweg - the natives of Cagayan - who actually came from one ethnicity. These are the people found by the Spaniards in the different villages along the rivers all over Cagayan. The Spaniards rightly judged that these various villagers came from single racial stock and decided to make the Ybanag Tongue the lingua franca, both civilly and ecclesiastically for the entire people of Cagayan which they called collectively as the Cagayanes which later was transliterated to become Cagayanos.

Even before the Spaniards came to Cagayan, the Cagayanos have already made contact with various civilizations like the Chinese, Japanese and even Indians, as evidenced by various artifacts and even the presence of foreign linguistic elements in the languages of the natives.

Various other racial strains, like the Ilocanos, Tagalogs, Visayans, Muslims, Pangasinenses, Kapampangans, and even foreigners like the Chinese, Japanese, Spaniards and others were further infused to the native Cagayanes to become the modern Cagayano that we know today. It was only in 1583 that Cagayan began to be called a Province through a Spanish Royal Decree which originally comprises the whole of northeastern Luzon plus the islands in the Balintang Channel. This means that the present Provinces of Batanes, Isabela, Quirino, Nueva Vizcaya, and even portions of the Province of Kalinga and Apayao were part of the original territorial delineation of the Province of Cagayan. It was called La Provincia de Cagayan. It is protected on its eastern side by the Sierra Madre Mountain Range, on its western side by the Cordillera, and on its southern side by the Caraballo Range - making it a large Valley Province. The establishment of the civil government of Cagayan through the 1583 Spanish Royal Decree is commemorated in the yearly Aggao Nac Cagayan celebrations of the Provincial Government of Cagayan and its people.

The Province of Cagayan is no longer the sole owner of this original vast territory - that was the La Provincia de Cagayan. Its daughter-provinces Isabela, Quirino, Nueva Vizcaya and even Batanes, Kalinga and Apayao have already claimed their rightful parcels. Today, only 9,002.70 square kilometers remain of the former vastness of Cagayan. The Province of Cagayan is currently comprised of 28 municipalities and one component city, which is also its capital, that is Tuguegarao City. The entire region however is still referred to as Cagayan Valley Region. (source verbatim from:

People of Cagayan, Philippines

As of 2010 The Province of Cagayan has a total population of approximately 1,111,045 which gives an overall population density of about 123 people per square kilometer.

English and Filipino are widely used and spoken in Cagayan. Predominant local languages are Ilocano, Ybanag, Ytawes and Malaueg. Pangasinense, Maranao and other dialects are also used in some areas where migrants abound.

Majority of the Cagayanos can speak at least two of the local languages and have good command, or at least a working knowledge, of the English language.

As of 2010, majority of the households are "Ilocanos" which constitutes 68.40% of the total populace. The natives of Cagayan which are the "Ibanags", "Itawes", and "Malawegs" contitute 17.30%, 8.9%, and 1.40%, respectively. Migrant "Tagalogs" constitutes 2.60% and "Ifugaos", "Kalingas", "Pampangos", "Cebuanos", "Pangasinenses", "Ilongos", "Bicolanos", and others constitute the remaining 1.4% of the populace.

Due to the influx of Ilokano migrants in the last century, majority of the people of Cagayan speak Iloko as their primary tongue. Aside from the Ilokanos, there are several smaller ethnic groups that live in the province. The Ybanags are the dominant ethnic group in the vicinity of the provincial capital of Cagayan-—Tuguegarao, now a city. The closely related Itawits inhabit the Pinacanauan River valley as well as areas of Amulung and Tuao. The Malawegs are found mainly in the municipality of Rizal . In the foothills and the mountains of the Sierra Madre Range , several Negrito groups called the Agtas forage and hunt for food. The established lingua franca of the province is Ybanag.

The Ybanags, Itawits and Malawegs are mainly lowland farmers whose agricultural practices are similar to those of the Ilokanos. The Ybanags used to inhabit the area along the Cagayan coast but migrated further inland. They conducted trade with neighboring areas using distinctive seacrafts, and their commercial interests made their language the medium of commerce throughout the region before the influx of Ilokano migrants. They are also excellent blacksmiths and continue to make good bolos. The Ybanags are reputed to be the tallest of all the ethno-linguistic groups in the Philippines . The Itawits are almost indistinguishable from the Ybanags. They build their houses with separate kitchens, connected by a narrow walkway that is used as washing area for hands and feet. The Itawits are noted for their pottery and basket-weaving traditions.

The culture of Cagayan is showcased in museums, historical buildings and archeological sites spread across the province. In Solana, the Neolithic archeological sites in Lanna have yielded stone tools used as early as 20,000 years back. The Cabarruan jar burial site, also in the town, features ancient Filipino traditions of taking care of their dead. The Cagayan Museum is a repository of the province´s cultural heritage. Iron Age pottery, Chinese Ming and Sung dynasty porcelain pieces as well as Church paraphernalia are on display together with Paleolithic fossils. The oldest bell in the country, cast in 1592, still peals from the tower of the church in Camalaniugan. The old brick works in Tuguegarao lie inside the city and speak of a time when bricks were extensively used to build the beautiful churches of the Cagayan. (source verbatim from:

Elected Government Officials of Cagayan, Philippines

Elected officials of Cagayan for the term of 2013-2016
  • Provincial Governor of Cagayan: Alvaro Trinidad Antonio
  • Provincial Vice-Governor of Cagayan: Leonides Noveno Fausto
  • House Representatives of Cagayan:
    • 1st District CongressWoman: PONCE ENRILE, SALLY (NPC)
    • 2nd District Congressman: ALFONSO, ALINE (NUP)
    • 3rd District Congressman: Randolph Sera Ting
  • First District Sangguniang Panlalawigan (Provincial Board Members):
  1. Nolasco, Ramon Cases
  2. Pascual, Maria Olivia Bautista
  3. Garcia, Romeo Sayson
  • First District Sangguniang Panlalawigan (Provincial Board Members):
  1. Vargas, Melvin Jr. Kamatoy
  2. Viloria, Vilmer Ventula
  3. Daguna, Alexander Stacy
  • Third District Sangguniang Panlalawigan (Provincial Board Members):
  1. Turingan, Karen Kaye Tavas
  2. Catabay-Lauigan, Mila Perpetua Anog
  3. Abraham, Winnoco Reyes
  4. Guzman, Christian Roa

Elected officials of Cagayan for the term of 2010-2013

Elected officials of for the term of 2007-2010

Barangay Elected Officials of Cagayan Province

Businesses in Cagayan, Philippines

  • We invite you to list your business located in Cagayan.
  • Give your business a good description. Add your address and contact number if available.
    • Resorts, restaurants, pension houses, or hotels are welcome to be listed here.
    • Bakery, Mechanical Shop, Bicycle Shop, Tailor shops can be listed here.
    • If you have a pharmacy or gas station, it can be listed here too.
    • Hardware stores, Agrivets, salon, spas, etc. are welcome to be listed.
  • We do not allow external links exept for our sponsors and If you have an external site for your business you may not link to it in Z-Wiki but you can point to it. e.g. list it like this: - this tells the people of your website but it does not link to it.
  • Businesses in Cagayan
    1. The name of your business, address, phone number

Churches, Mosques, or Places of Worship in Cagayan, Philippines

The name of your church, mosque, or place of worship can be listed here. Take a picture of the facade of your church or place of worship and it can be posted here. We can even provide you with a free webpage. You can enter the data here yourself or email the information to

  • List the Mosques or Masjid in Cagayan here.
  • List the Catholic churches and chapels in Cagayan here.
  • List the Methodist churches in Cagayan here.
  • List the Iglesia Ni Cristo churches in Cagayan here.
  • List the Seventh-day Adventist churches in Cagayan here.
  • List the Church of Jesus Christ Latter day Saints (Mormons) churches in Cagayan here.
  • List the Presbyterian churches in Cagayan here.
  • List the Baptist churches in Cagayan here.

Schools in Cagayan, Philippines

School year 2015-2016 starts Monday, June 1, 2015 and ends Friday, April 1, 2016, for public elementary and secondary schools. The SY will consist of 201 school days, inclusive of the five-day In-Service Training (INSET) break. The different school events and activities, including the number of school days per quarter, are contained in Enclosure No. 1. Source: Department of Education

The name of your school in Cagayan can be listed here. You can list it like this:

  • Name of School. Private or Public. It can be an elementary school, high school, college.
    • Address of your school
    • Telephone Number
    • Principal of the school

You can also create a webpage for your school. We can help you.

Economy of Cagayan, Philippines

  • If you have an article that talks about the improvement of the economy of Cagayan you can post that article here. If you come across any news item that talks about the economy of Cagayan, you may post it here. Of course you have to reference the writer of the article. Any improvement to transportation, power and service usually improves the economy of the community, so go ahead and report that too.

Jobs in Cagayan Philippines

If you have a job available and that job is within the Province of Cagayan, Philippines, you may post it here.
Remember to be as descriptive as possible and to post your Company name, Contact person, physical address, email address and Phone number..
Post expiration of Job Application. Go ahead and Click HERE to Insert your job offer in the "Jobs in Cagayan Philippines" page.

Real Estate or Properties for Sale or lease in Cagayan, Philippines

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  • If you have real estate property, whether its commercial, residential, farm land, or just an empty lot in Cagayan, you can list that property for free. Click to VIEW, EDIT, or ADD Realty Listings.
  • You can list your House and lot or farm land for sale or lease for free here in Z-Wiki
  • If you are a real estate developer, you can list your subdivision, condominiums, high rises, apartment complexes, shopping strips or malls, open market developments here in Z-wiki for Free.

Natural Resources of Cagayan, Philippines

Protect the environment

It is sad but true that as of the year 2012 the rivers of the Philippines continue to be the #1 Sewer Systems of the Philippines.

Protect & Save the Rivers. Do not let your sewer drain into the river. Your community can be the first to initiate this project.
Build your riverbank protection with a built-in gutter system. Reforest within Ten Years - Guaranteed!

Let us plant more trees in every barangay in the entire Philippines. It does not make any difference if the barangay is urban, partially urban or rural; we need more trees. Trees will prevent erosion, provide oxygen, prevent green house effect, and even a place of business for the shade tree mechanic.

The Philippines is a tropical country and practically anything will grow. The DENR has the planting trees project that goes on every year. Lots of picture taking for the media. Planting trees one by one is the "human" way of doing it. This individual planting of trees is good if done to "line" the roads and highways with trees or along fences or property divisions, or if you have a plantation.

To reforest the nation of the Philippines we have to plant trees the "mother nature" way. Sow the seeds during the rainy season. Go deep into "bald" forests and plant trees by sowing seeds. If there's not enough volunteers to do this, use the military helicopters to fly over the designated areas and sow the seeds.

Guaranteed within a few years, The Philippines will be lush again. >>Read More

We are using our rivers as our sewer system. If you ask a Filipino, "Are the Filipinos a clean people?" The answer is an automatic, "Yes!". However, the Filipinos are suffering from the same disease or attitude as most people do, and that is the "NIMBY" disease or "NIMBY" attitude. (NIMBY) Not In My Back Yard. So it is OK to dump my garbage and sewer there. Not mine! Someone else will take care of it.

This attitude is killing our rivers. Your great-grandparents, grandparents or parents were once proud to tell the stories of how they enjoyed swimming in the river behind your house or nearby. However, you can't say the same or tell the same stories to your kids or grand kids. Why? Because your generation is killing the river.


  • Secretary Ramon J. P. Paje
  • Department of Environment and Natural Resources
  • Visayas Avenue, Diliman, 1100 Quezon City, Philippines
  • +63-2-929-6626

We have so much water in the Philippines and yet very little to drink.

Instead of relying too much on Diesel fuel and Coal to generate the majority of Philippine's Electrical energy Supply, we can concentrate more on renewable and sustainable source of energy such as: Hydro Power, Solar Power, and Wind Power. We have too many black outs.

Tourists Attractions of Cagayan, Philippines

  • Help us add some of the tourist attractions of Cagayan in Z-wiki. This will help boost the local economy of Cagayan. Anything that is unique or anything that stands out in your community may be a tourist attraction.
  • Landmarks are usually photographed a lot by visitors. Post the Cagayan landmarks here.

Festivals, Fiestas and Traditions of Cagayan, Philippines

Every city or municipality has some sort of a festival or tradition that is celebrated every year. In the Philippines almost all barangays that are predominantly populated by Christians celebrate fiesta. Tell us about the festivals, fiestas and traditions of Cagayan.

Philippine News

  • Philippines’ Foreign Direct Investment Rises in November
  • Wednesday, February 10, 2016
MANILA—Foreign direct investment in the Philippines showed a net inflow of $464 million in November, a 16.4% increase from a year earlier, the central bank said Wednesday.
The central bank attributed the higher figure to strong investor confidence due to the country’s sound economic fundamentals. The bank said a 27% increase, to $187 million, of foreign-companies investment in debt securities issued by their local units was the main contributor to foreign direct investment expansion in November ........ Full Story»

  • PSEi seen targeting 6,800
  • Tuesday, February 9, 2016 12:05 am
The local stock barometer is seen attempting to breach the 6,800 mark this week, the start of trading in the new Lunar Year of the Fire Monkey.
Last week, the Philippine Stock Exchange index (PSEi) gained 1.16 percent to close on Friday at 6,765.13. Trading resumes today after the long weekend break ........ Full Story»

  • 3 PSL bets cop MOS plum in Tokyo meet
  • Wednesday, February 10, 2016 8:57 pm
TOKYO: Three Philippine Swimming League (PSL) standouts claimed the Most Outstanding Swimmer awards in the 2016 Tokyo Winter Swimming Championship held at the St. Mary’s International School swimming pool here.
Record-breakers Marc Bryan Dula of Weisenheimer Academy and Micaela Jasmine Mojdeh of Immaculate Heart of Mary College-Parañaque led the list of the awardees along with De La Salle-Zobel tanker Joey Del Rosario ................................ Full Story»

Cagayan Zip Codes

Source: Philippine Postal Corporation
  • This table is Sortable by City/Municipality or by ZipCode
Click on Icon to Sort
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3500 Tuguegarao City Cagayan
3501 Enrile Cagayan
3502 Penablanca Cagayan
3503 Solana Cagayan
3504 Iguig Cagayan
3505 Amulung Cagayan
3506 Baggao Cagayan
3507 Alcala Cagayan
3508 Gattaran Cagayan
3509 Lal-lo Cagayan
3510 Camalaniugan Cagayan
3511 Buguey Cagayan
3512 Santa Teresita Cagayan
3513 Gonzaga Cagayan
3514 Santa Ana Cagayan
3515 Aparri Cagayan
3516 Ballesteros Cagayan
3517 Abulog Cagayan
3518 Sanchez Mira Cagayan
3519 Claveria Cagayan
3520 Calayan Cagayan
3521 Santa Praxedes Cagayan
3522 Pamplona Cagayan
3523 Allacapan Cagayan
3524 Lasam Cagayan
3525 Santo Nino Cagayan
3526 Rizal Cagayan
3527 Piat Cagayan
3528 Tuao Cagayan

Cagayan, Philippines supports Philippine Cycling

Philippine Cycling is about cycling in the Philippnes. Philippine Cycling helps promote bike races, cycling clubs, bicycle tours, and the development of bicycle trails. Activities are coordinated with bike shops and cycling clubs throughout the Philippines to promote the fun of riding bikes. Philippine Cycling will be coordinating events with tour of Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. Road biking and mountain bikings will be promoted by Philippine Cycling.
Cycling Activity to Participate In

Your cycling activity can be posted here and it will be shown in all the Provincial, City, Municipal and Barangay pages. Your 2015 Cycling Race or Activity can be Posted here.

  • ILOILO CITY, April 27-May 2, 2015 (PNA) – Some 5,000 bikers are expected to join the second Iloilo Bike Festival slated April 27-May 2, 2015 as the city continues to aspire to become a bike-able walkable metropolis. The activity that supported by the John B. Lacson Foundation Maritime University (JBLFMU) and Megaworld Iloilo aims to promote Iloilo as a safe and bike friendly city, promote the share-a-road movement encourage Ilonggos to commute via biking and raise Ilonggos awareness on the benefits of biking on health, safety and environment concerns. Read More....
  • CYCLING Le Tour de Filipinas 2015 set as country celebrates 60 years of top-caliber cycling Feb 1 to Feb 4 2015 - View the result of the race: A four stage race. Stage 1 starts in Balanga and back to Balanga for a 126K race Feb 1, 2015 (Sunday); stage 2 starts in Balanga, Bataan to Iba, Zambales for a 154.7 K race Feb 2, 2015 (Monday); stage 3 starts in Iba, Zambales to Lingayen, Pangasinan for a 150.1K race Feb 3, 2015 (Tuesday); stage 4 starts in Lingayen, Pangasinan to Baguio City, Benguet for a 101.7K race Feb 4, 2015 (Wednesday). For a total distance of 532.5 Kms. Read More >>>
  • Ronda Pilipinas: Feb 8 - 27 2015:>> Discovering young riders for the national team will be the main objective of the LBC Ronda Pilipinas 2015 when the country’s premiere cycling race hits the road on Feb. 8 in Butuan City. Ronda Pilipinas executive project director Moe Chulani said the international multistage bikathon, which ends on Feb. 27, will have two qualifying legs of four stages each in Mindanao and the Visayas where the top riders will advance to face a tough foreign challenge in the six-stage Luzon finale. Read More>>>

The oldest living man or woman in Cagayan, Philippines

Do you know who the oldest living man or woman is in Cagayan? is starting this inquiry in order to honor the older generation of the Philippines. Please provide the full name and date of birth of the elder living in Cagayan. We will then post your entry in the Oldest Living Man or Woman in the Philippines page.

Cagayan Province Photo Gallery

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