Republic of the Philippines
By Catherine N. Pillas
THE Philippine Economic Zone Authority (Peza) said there is a growing interest among Taiwanese firms of investing in the country.
Peza cited the increasing investment of New Kinpo Group of Taiwan that has to date reached P2.5 billion, with the latest infusion of P1.8 billion by its subsidiary Kinpo Electronics.
In an interview with reporters, Peza Director General Lilia B. de Lima said the Taiwanese firm involved in electronic-manufacturing services inaugurated its new facility in Lima Technology Center on Wednesday.
“This is the most significant Taiwanese investment recently,” de Lima noted.
Kinpo Electronics’s P1.8-billion investment is the most recent investment of the New Kinpo Group in the country. The group spent P670 million in 2012 through its other subsidiaries AcBel Polytech Inc. and Cal-Comp Electronics and Communications Co.
AcBel Polytech Inc. makes LED lighting and smart grid solutions, while Cal-Comp produces handsets, printers and LCD TVs. Both firms operate plants located in Carmelray Industrial Park in Calamba, Laguna.
With the recent venture, New Kinpo Group’s work force is expected to grow to 3,801 employees.
The company’s EMS business spans multiple product lines, including storage, printers, network-attached storage, wireless and broadband, digital home, consumer electronics, wearables, 3D printing, robotics, power management and smart grid, industrial, automotive, security, medical/health care and emerging technologies.
Peza is eyeing to draw in more Taiwanese investments to the Philippines, de Lima said.
“We’re going to Taiwan next week for a seminar, and we want to talk to the big companies,” de Lima said at the sidelines of the India-Philippines Partners in Progress Forum, but declined to name the firms.
In 2014 foreign investments poured in by Taiwanese companies amounted to P2.9 billion.
In the third quarter of 2015, investments by Taiwan companies were at P946 million, a 138-percent improvement over the same period from 2014.
Flag Description of the Philippines:
The design of the flag dates to 1897; in wartime the flag is flown upside down with the red band at the top.
|Interactive Google Map of The Philippines
Map of The Philippines
News from The Philippines
- Peza notes increased Taiwan investments in PHL
- Wednesday, March 9, 2016
- THE Philippine Economic Zone Authority (Peza) said there is a growing interest among Taiwanese firms of investing in the country.
- Peza cited the increasing investment of New Kinpo Group of Taiwan that has to date reached P2.5 billion, with the latest infusion of P1.8 billion by its subsidiary Kinpo Electronics ........ Full Story»
- Philippines eyes more foreign carriers
- Tuesday, March 8, 2016 12:00 am
- MANILA, Philippines - The Philippines is eyeing more foreign carriers to add to the existing capacity and mount flights to new destinations, as Routes Asia 2016, the largest aviation event in the region, takes place in the country.
- “We don’t have the specifics yet. But we primarily target the carriers in the region first and possible airlines for the long-haul markets,” Department of Tourism (DOT) Undersecretary Benito Bengzon said during the Routes Asia 2016 Strategy Summit Sunday afternoon ........ Full Story»
Philippines Sports News
- MVP Olympics cage champ joins PCBL
- Wednesday, March 9, 2016 12:00 am
- MANILA, Philippines – The Pilipinas Commercial Basketball League, now on its second conference dubbed the Chairman’s Cup, has accepted a seventh member ball club in SCTEX, a team under the MVP Group of Companies.
- Carrying the SCTEX banner in the PCBL is the NLEX squad that topped the recently concluded 2016 MVP Olympics ................................ Full Story»
Geography of the Republic of the Philippines
Area: 300,000 sq. km. (117,187 sq. mi.). Major cities (2007 estimate): Capital--Manila (pop. 11.55 million in metropolitan area); other cities--Davao City (1.36 million); Cebu City (0.80 million).
- Terrain: Islands, 65% mountainous, with narrow coastal lowlands.
- Climate: Tropical, astride typhoon belt.
- Total water area: 1,830 sq km.
- Total coastline: 36,289 km.
- Philippine Sea
- South China Sea
- Sulu Sea
- Celebes Sea
- Luzon Straight
- Sibuyan Sea
- Visayan Sea
- Mindanao Sea
- Moro Gulf
- Manila Bay
The Philippines is divided into three main islands group and are headed under:
- Luzon Islands Group - It is the most populous of the three groups, with Manila being its center of everything imaginable and as the Capital seat of the country. Metropolitan Manila is the hub of it all and is one of the most densely populated urban areas in the world with over 11.5 million people. It is also referred to as the National Capital Region by the government. Majority of the top national schools are located here and this is where most of the students go to for their college education.
- Visayas Islands Group - It is the second most populated of the three groups with over 17 million people and its center of commerce, with the most populated area being Cebu island. It is home to the largest native language speakers of Bisaya. It's commerce production is second to Luzon's and is home to the second largest international airport in Mactan island - Mactan International.
- Mindanao Islands Group - It is the least populated of the three island groups with Davao being its largest and most populated area. The emerald island of Mindanao is the richest in mineral contents and production in the country, and it is considered the country's bread basket as over sixty percent of food staples for the country's ninety million plus population is produced here. It is also the country's gateway to the East Asia Growth Area of Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, & Philippines (BIMP-EAGA) - the truism to that reference is reflected squarely on Zamboanga City and the Peninsula area of Mindanao it services, in its title as the #1 GDP area in the Philippines! Majority of the international income it derives from is from BIMP-EAGA.
- Nationality: Noun--Filipino(s). Adjective--Philippine.
- Population (2008 estimate): 90.5 million.
- 105,720,644 (July 2013 est.)
- Annual growth rate (2007 estimate): 2.04%.
- Ethnic groups: Malay, Chinese.
- Religions (based on 2000 census): Roman Catholic 80.9%, Muslim 5%, Evangelical 2.8%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2.3%, Aglipayan 2%, other Christian 4.5%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.6%, none 0.1%.
- Separation of Church and State in The Philippines - The Philippines does not follow its own constitution regarding the separation of church and state. The Philippines financially supports the muslim religion via the ARMM and the NCMF. No other religion in the Philippines is financially supported with a yearly budget.
- Filipino (based on Tagalog), official national language;
- English, language of government and instruction in education. All High Schools, Colleges, and Universities are taught in English, All the textbooks are in English.
- Education: Years compulsory--6 (note: 6 years of primary education free and compulsory; 4 years of secondary education free but not compulsory). Attendance (2007)--84% in elementary grades, 58% in secondary grades. Literacy (2003)--93.4%.
- Health: Infant mortality rate (2006)--24 per 1,000. Life expectancy (2005)--67.80 yrs. for males; 72.50 yrs. for females.
- Work force (2007): 36.22 million. Services (including commerce and government, 2007)--50%; agriculture--35%; industry--15%.
The majority of Philippine people are descendants of Indonesians and Malays who migrated to the islands in successive waves over many centuries and largely displaced the aboriginal inhabitants. The largest ethnic minority now is the mainland Asians (called Chinese), who have played an important role in commerce for many centuries since they first came to the islands to trade. Arabs and Indians also traveled and traded in the Philippines in the first and early second millennium. As a result of intermarriage, many Filipinos have some Asian mainland, Spanish, American, Arab, or Indian ancestry. After the mainland Asians, Americans and Spaniards constitute the next largest minorities in the country.
More than 90 percent of the people are Christian as a result of the nearly 400 years of Spanish and American rule. The major non-Hispanicized groups are the Muslim population, concentrated in the Sulu Archipelago and in central and western Mindanao, and the mountain aboriginal groups of northern Luzon. Small forest tribes still live in the more remote areas of Mindanao.
About 87 languages and dialects are spoken, most belonging to the Malay-Polynesian linguistic family. Of these, eight are the first languages of more than 85 percent of the population. The four principal indigenous languages are Cebuano, spoken in the Visayas; Tagalog, predominant in the area around Manila; Ilocano, spoken in northern Luzon, and Maranao and related languages spoken in Mindanao. Since 1939, in an effort to develop national unity, the government has promoted the use of the national language, Pilipino, which is based on Tagalog. Pilipino is taught in all schools and is gaining widespread acceptance across the archipelago. Many use English, Fukienese, or Mandarin as second languages. Nearly all professionals, academics, and government workers speak some English. In January 2003, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo ordered the Department of Education to restore English as the medium of instruction in all schools and universities. Only a few Filipino families use Spanish as a second language.
The Philippines has one of the highest literacy rates in the developing world. About 93 percent of the population 10 years of age and older are literate.
The history of The Philippines can be divided into seven very distinct phases: 1. the pre-Spanish period (before 1521); 2. the Spanish period (1521-1898); 3. the Filipino Revolution period; 4. the American period (1898-1946); 5. the Japanese occupation period; 6. the Philippine Independence and 7. the post-Independence period (1946-present).
1. Pre-Spanish Period of The Republic of the Philippines
Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan reached the Philippines and claimed the archipelago for Spain in 1521, but stayed for only a few days. Christianity was established in the Philippines only after the arrival of the succeeding Spanish expeditionary forces (the first led by Legazpi in the 16th century) and the Spanish Jesuits, and in the 17th and 18th centuries by the conquistadores.
2. Spanish Period of The Republic of the Philippines
The long period of Spanish rule was marked by numerous uprisings. Towards the latter half of the 19th century, Western-educated Filipinos or ilustrados (such as national hero Jose Rizal) began to criticize the excesses of Spanish rule and instilled a new sense of national identity. This movement gave inspiration to the final revolt against Spain that began in 1896 under the leadership of Emilio Aguinaldo and continued until the Americans defeated the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay on May 1, 1898, during the Spanish-American War. Aguinaldo declared independence from Spain on June 12, 1898.
3. Filipino Revolution Period of The Republic of the Philippines
During the Filipino Revolution period starting in 1898 until 1899, there arose two very distinct revolutionary outcome from native Filipinas residents who initiated an armed uprising against the historical Spanish government of the Filipinas, and against the invading forces of the United States of America, who initially had the backing of the northern Filipinos of Luzon but ended up doing battle against them after they defeated the ruling Spaniards because they withdrew their support for the Americans after it became clear the U.S. wanted to take the Filipinas islands foe its own, and paid to get it done legally in the sum amount of $30,000,0000.00 to Spain.
The two very distinct outcomes of the Filipino revolution are: Read on
4. American Period of The Republic of the Philippines
Following Admiral George Dewey's defeat of the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay, the U.S. occupied the Philippines. Spain ceded the islands to the United States under the terms of the Treaty of Paris (December 10, 1898) that ended the war.
5. Japanese Occupation Period of The Republic of the Philippines
World War II began in the Philippines when Japan surprised and deliberately attacked the country and after months of continued offensive, the island of Corregidor, the last American/Filipino stronghold, finally fell in May 1942. U.S. forces in the Philippines surrendered to the Japanese, placing the islands under Japanese control. During the occupation, thousands of Filipinos fought a running guerilla campaign against Japanese forces.
6. Independence of The Republic of the Philippines
§ 1394. Recognition of Philippine independence
- (a) Withdrawal of American sovereignty
7. Post-Independence Period of The Republic of the Philippines
The early years of independence were dominated by U.S.-assisted postwar reconstruction. The communist-inspired Huk Rebellion (1945-53) complicated recovery efforts before its successful suppression under the leadership of President Ramon Magsaysay. The succeeding administrations of Presidents Carlos P. Garcia (1957-61) and Diosdado Macapagal (1961-65) sought to expand Philippine ties to its Asian neighbors, implement domestic reform programs, and develop and diversify the economy. In 1962, the official Philippine Independence Day was changed from July 4 to June 12, commemorating the date independence from Spain was declared by Emilio Aguinaldo in 1898.
This is the one thing that separates us from the rest of the world - our colorful and lively culture that makes us distinctly Filipino. This includes traditions, language, arts, etc. which are found in museums, churches and galleries, found within the heart of the key cities. Read On
Malacañang Palace 2008 as seen from across the Pasig River. The Malacañang Palace is the official residence of the President of the Philippines.
Malacañang Palace Postcard 1980 as seen from across the Pasig River. The Malacañang Palace is the official residence of the President of the Philippines.
- Type: Republic.
- Independence: July 4, 1946.
- Constitution: February 11, 1987.
- Executive--president and vice president elected on separate tickets by popular vote for a single six-year term;
- President for the term of 2010 -2016: Benigno Simeon C. Aquino III
- Legislative--bicameral Congress or Kongreso consists of:
- The Senate or Senado (24 seats - one-half elected every three years; members elected at large by popular vote to serve six-year terms) and
- The House of Representatives or Kapulungan Ng Nga Kinatawan; the House has 287 seats including 230 members in one tier representing districts and 57 sectoral party-list members in a second tier representing special minorities elected on the basis of one seat for every 2% of the total vote but with each party limited to three seats; a party represented in one tier may not hold seats in the other tier; all House members are elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms
- Judicial--independent: Supreme Court (15 justices are appointed by the president on the recommendation of the Judicial and Bar Council and serve until 70 years of age); Court of Appeals; Sandigan-bayan (special court for hearing corruption cases of government officials)
- Administrative subdivisions: (as of June 2009)
- Political parties:
- Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats
- Nationalist People's Coalition
- Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino
- Liberal Party
- Aksiyon Demokratiko
- Partido Demokratikong Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan
- and other small parties.
- A breakdown of The Philippines' system of government Leadership
- President - One: the president is elected for a one 6 year term. No re-election.
- Vice-President - One: the vice-president is elected for a one 6 year term
- Senate - 24 - (2010): The senators are elected for a six year term. There is an election every 3 years where only 12 senators run for office whose six year term has expired.
- House of Representatives - 212 (2007): In office for a 3 year term. May serve for 9 years if re-elected.
- Supreme Court - 15
- Puno or Barangay Captain
- Suffrage: Universal, but not compulsory, at age 18.
- Philippines Principal Officials: Term: 2010-2016
- President: - Benigno Simeon C. Aquino III
- Vice President: - Jejomar C. Binay
- Foreign Secretary--Albert del Rosario
- Senate President -- Franklin M. Drilon
- House Speaker -- Feliciano Belmonte, Jr. (LP)
- Ambassador to the United States--Ambassador Jose L. Cuisia, Jr.
- Permanent Representative to the UN--Hilario G. Davide
- Supreme Court Chief Justice -- Maria Lourdes Sereno
- Term: 2004-2010
- President--Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
- Vice President--Noli De Castro
- Foreign Secretary--Alberto Romulo
- Senate President -- Juan Ponce Enrile
- House Speaker -- Prospero C. Nograles
- Ambassador to the United States--Ambassador Willy C. Gaa
- Permanent Representative to the UN--Hilario G. Davide
- Supreme Court Chief Justice -- Renato C. Corona
The Republic of the Philippines maintains an embassy in the United States at 1600 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036 (tel. 202-467-9300). Consulates general are in New York, Chicago, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Honolulu, and Agana (Guam). READ ON...
The Philippine senate is composed of 24 senators who are elected by the legally registered voters of the Philippines. Senators are elected to a six year term, half the senators are elected every 3 years. This process insures that the Senate maintains a full membership.
The Senate of the Philippines is the upper chamber of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines, the Congress of the Philippines. The Senate is the only body that can authorize the ratification of treaties.
|Current Senate Members of the Philippines|
1.) Edgardo J. Angara 1987–1998; 2001–2007; 2007-2013; 2013-2019
5.) Franklin M. Drilon 2010-2016
6.) Juan Ponce Enrile 1987–1992; 1995–2001; 2004-2010; 2010-2016
7. Francis Joseph G. Escudero 2007–2013; 2013-2019
10,) Teofisto L. Guingona III - 2010-2016
11.) Gregorio B. Honasan II 1995–2001, 2001–2004, 2007–2013; 2013-2019
12.) Manuel Lito Lapid 2004-2010; 2010-2016
13.) Loren B. Legarda 1998-2004; 2007–2013; 2013-2019
16.) Sergio R. Osmeña III - 2010-2016
17.) Aquilino "Koko" Martin De La Llana Pimentel III 2013-2019
18.) Ralph G. Recto - 2010-2016
19.)Ramon B. Revilla, Jr. 2004-2010; 2010-2016
20.) Miriam Defensor Santiago 1995–2001; 2004-2010; 2010-2016
21.) Pillar "Pia" Juliana Cayetano Sebastian 2004-2010, 2010-2016
22.) Vicente C. Sotto III - 1992-1998; 1998-2004; 2010-2016
23. Antonio F. Trillanes IV 2007–2013; 2013-2019
24.) Cynthia "Hanepbuhay" Aguilar Villar 2013-2019
- Winners of the 2013 Senatorial Election
- This list will be moved up as soon as the other senators will end their 2013 term.
- Mary Grace Poe Llamanzares Independent 16340333 6.84%
- Loren B. Legarda (Npc) Nationalist Peoples' Coalition 14942824 6.26%
- Francis "Chiz" Joseph G. Escudero Independent 14137127 5.92%
- Alan Peter S. Cayetano (Np) Nacionalista Party 14129783 5.92%
- Maria Lourdes Nancy Sombillo Binay (Una) United Nationalist Alliance 13310851 5.57%
- Edgardo J. Angara (Ldp) Laban Ng Demokratikong Pilipino 12853305 5.38%
- Paolo "Bam" Benigno Aguirre Aquino IV (Lp) Liberal Party 12376372 5.18%
- Aquilino "Koko" Martin De La Llana Pimentel III (Pdp) Partido Demokratiko Pilipino Lakas Ng Bayan 11846088 4.96%
- Antonio F. Trillanes IV (Np) Nacionalista Party 11389173 4.77%
- Cynthia "Hanepbuhay" Aguilar Villar (Np) Nacionalista Party 11070265 4.64%
- Joseph Victor Gomez "JV Estrada" Ejercito (Una) United Nationalist Alliance 11010630 4.61%
- Gregorio "Gringo" Ballesteros Honasan (Una) United Nationalist Alliance 10620981
- Former Senators of The Philippines
- Benigno Simeon C. Aquino III 2007–2013
- Tarlac Province, Luzon
- Joker P. Arroyo 2001–2007; 2007-2013
- Makati City, Luzon
- Rodolfo G. Biazon 1992–1995, 1998–2004; 2007-2013
- Muntinlupa City, Luzon
- Richard J. Gordon 2004-2010
- Olongapo City, Zambales, Luzon
- Panfilo M. Lacson 2004-2010
- Imus, Cavite, Luzon
- Francis N. Pangilinan 2001–2007; 2007-2013
- Mandaluyong City, Luzon
- Aquilino Q. Pimentel, Jr. 1987–1992 ;1998-2004; 2004-2010
- Cagayan de Oro City, Misamis Oriental, Mindanao
- Manuel A. Roxas II 2004-2010
- Roxas City, Capiz, Visayas
- Jamby Madrigal Valade 2004-2010
- Manila, Luzon
- Manuel B. Villar, Jr. 2001–2007; 2007-2013
- Juan Miguel Zubiri 2007–2013
- Malaybalay City, Mindanao
- The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of The Philippines was worth 272.02 billion US dollars in 2013
- GDP (2009): $160.6 billion.
- Annual GDP growth rate (2009): 0.9% at constant prices.
- GDP per capita (2013): 2,765.08 USD
- GDP per capita (2009): $1,746.
- Natural resources: Copper, nickel, iron, cobalt, silver, gold.
- Agriculture: Products--rice, coconut products, sugar, corn, pork, bananas, pineapple products, aquaculture, mangoes, eggs.
- Industry: Types--textiles and garments, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, wood products, paper and paper products, tobacco products, beverage manufacturing, food processing, machinery and equipment, transport equipment, electronics and semiconductor assembly, mineral products, hydrocarbon products, fishing, business process outsourcing services.
- Trade (2009): Exports--$38.3 billion. Imports--$42.8 billion.
Agriculture and Forestry
Arable farmland comprises more than 40 percent of the total land area. Although the Philippines is rich in agricultural potential, inadequate infrastructure, lack of financing, and government policies have limited productivity gains. Philippine farms produce food crops for domestic consumption and cash crops for export. The agricultural sector employs more than one-third of the work force but provides less than a fifth of GDP.
Decades of uncontrolled logging and slash-and-burn agriculture in marginal upland areas have stripped forests, with critical implications for the ecological balance. Although the government has instituted conservation programs, deforestation remains a severe problem.
With its 7,107 islands, the Philippines has a very diverse range of fishing areas. Notwithstanding good prospects for marine fisheries, the industry continues to face a difficult future due to destructive fishing methods, a lack of funds, and inadequate government support.
Agriculture generally suffers from low productivity, low economies of scale, and inadequate infrastructure support. Agricultural output increased by 5.1 percent in real terms during 2004 but stagnated to 2.24 percent in 2005 due to drought and intermittent weather disturbances. Despite the adverse effects of successive and very strong typhoons in the last four months of 2006, the overall annual farm output expanded by 3.8 percent. In 2007, the sector grew by 4.68 percent, led by gains in the fisheries subsector.
In the past, many of the fruits found at the local markets were seasonal, but today they are mostly grown year-round with intervention. Read On
Industry of the Philippines
Industrial production is centered on the processing and assembly operations of the following: food, beverages, tobacco, rubber products, textiles, clothing and footwear, pharmaceuticals, paints, plywood and veneer, paper and paper products, small appliances, and electronics. Heavier industries are dominated by the production of cement, glass, industrial chemicals, fertilizers, iron and steel, and refined petroleum products. Newer industries, particularly production of semiconductors and other intermediate goods for incorporation into consumer electronics are important components of Philippine exports and are located in special export processing zones.
The industrial sector is concentrated in urban areas, especially in the metropolitan Manila region, and has only weak linkages to the rural economy. Inadequate infrastructure, transportation, and communication have so far inhibited faster industrial growth, although significant strides have been made in addressing the last of these elements.
Mining in the Philippines
The Philippines is one of the world's most highly mineralized countries, with untapped mineral wealth estimated at more than $840 billion. Philippine copper, gold, and chromate deposits are among the largest in the world. Other important minerals include nickel, silver, coal, gypsum, and sulfur. The Philippines also has significant deposits of clay, limestone, marble, silica, and phosphate. The discovery of natural gas reserves off Palawan has been brought on-line to generate electricity.
Despite its rich mineral deposits, the Philippine mining industry is just a fraction of what it was in the 1970s and 1980s when the country ranked among the ten leading gold and copper producers worldwide. Low metal prices, high production costs, and lack of investment in infrastructure have contributed to the industry's overall decline. A December 2004 Supreme Court decision upheld the constitutionality of the 1995 Mining Act, thereby allowing up to 100 percent foreign-owned companies to invest in large-scale exploration, development, and utilization of minerals, oil, and gas.
Foreign Relations of The Philippines
In its foreign policy, the Philippines cultivates constructive relations with its Asian neighbors, with whom it is linked through membership in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum. The Philippines chaired ASEAN from 2006 to 2007, hosting the ASEAN Heads of State Summit and the ASEAN Regional Forum. The Philippines is a member of the UN and some of its specialized agencies, and served a two-year term as a member of the UN Security Council from January 2004-2006, acting as UNSC President in September 2005. Since 1992, the Philippines has been a member of the Non-Aligned Movement. The government is seeking observer status in the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC). The Philippines has played a key role in ASEAN in recent years, ratifying the ASEAN Charter in October 2008. The Philippines also values its relations with the countries of the Middle East, in no small part because hundreds of thousands of Filipinos are employed in that region. The welfare of the some four to five million overseas Filipino contract workers is considered to be a pillar of Philippine foreign policy. Foreign exchange remittances from these workers exceed 11 percent of the country's gross domestic product.
The fundamental Philippine attachment to democracy and human rights is also reflected in its foreign policy. Philippine soldiers and police have participated in a number of multilateral civilian police and peacekeeping operations, and a Philippine Army general served as the first commander of the UN Peacekeeping Operation in East Timor. The Philippines presently has peacekeepers deployed in eight UN Peacekeeping Operations worldwide.. The Philippines also participated in Operation Iraqi Freedom, deploying some 50 troops to Iraq in 2003. (These troops were subsequently withdrawn in 2004 after a Filipino overseas worker was kidnapped.) The Philippine Government also has been active in efforts to reduce tensions among rival claimants to the territories and waters of the resource-rich South China Sea.
U.S.-Philippine relations are based on shared history and commitment to democratic principles, as well as on economic ties. The historical and cultural links between the Philippines and the United States remain strong. The Philippines modeled its governmental institutions on those of the United States and continues to share a commitment to democracy and human rights. At the most fundamental level of bilateral relations, human links continue to form a strong bridge between the two countries. There are an estimated four million Americans of Philippine ancestry in the United States, and more than 250,000 American citizens in the Philippines.
Trade and Investment
Two-way U.S. merchandise trade with the Philippines amounted to $17.1 billion in 2007 (U.S. Department of Commerce data). According to Philippine Government data, 14.1 percent of the Philippines' imports in 2007 came from the United States, and about 17.0 percent of its exports were bound for America. The Philippines ranks as our 29th-largest export market and our 34th-largest supplier. Key exports to the United States are semiconductor devices and computer peripherals, automobile parts, electric machinery, textiles and garments, wheat and animal feeds, and coconut oil. In addition to other goods, the Philippines imports raw and semi-processed materials for the manufacture of semiconductors, electronics and electrical machinery, transport equipment, and cereals and cereal preparations.
The United States traditionally has been the Philippines' largest foreign investor, with close to $6.7 billion in total foreign direct investment as of end-2007.
Since the late 1980s, the Philippines has committed itself to reforms that encourage foreign investment as a basis for economic development, subject to certain guidelines and restrictions in specified areas. Under President Ramos, the Philippines expanded reforms, opening the power generation and telecommunications sectors to foreign investment, as well as securing ratification of the Uruguay Round agreement and membership in the World Trade Organization. As noted earlier, President Arroyo's administration has generally continued such reforms despite opposition from vested interests and "nationalist" blocs. A major obstacle has been and will continue to be constitutional restrictions on, among others, foreign ownership of land and public utilities, which limits maximum ownership to 40 percent.
Over the last two decades, the relatively closed Philippine economy has been opened significantly by foreign exchange deregulation, foreign investment and banking liberalization, tariff and market barrier reduction, and foreign entry into the retail trade sector. The Electric Power Industry Reform Act of 2001 opened opportunities for U.S. firms to participate in the power industry in the Philippines. Information and communications technologies, backroom operations such as call centers, regional facilities or shared-service centers, tourism, and mining are likewise leading investment opportunities.
Principal U.S. Embassy Officials Ambassador--Kristie A. Kenney Deputy Chief of Mission--Paul W. Jones Political Counselor--Thomas B. Gibbons Economic Counselor--Larry L. Memmott Public Affairs Counselor-- Richard Nelson Consul General--Richard D. Haynes Management Counselor--Catherine I. Ebert-Gray Commercial Counselor-- Patrick WallUSAID Mission Director--Jon Lindborg Agricultural Counselor--Emiko Purdy Transportation and Safety Administration--Scottie R. Laird
Department of Homeland Security – Frank J. Cabaddu Defense Attaché Office--Colonel Anthony Senci Joint U.S. Military Assistance Group--Colonel Kevin D. Clark Regional Security Officer--Jacob M. Wohlman Legal Attaché James D. Nixon U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration--Timothy C. Teal Veterans Affairs--Jonathan Skelly Social Security Administration-- Darrin Morgan. American Battle Monuments Commission--Larry A. Adkison U.S. Peace Corps-- Sonia Derenoncourt
The U.S. Embassy is located at 1201 Roxas Boulevard, Manila; tel. (63)(2) 301-2000; fax 301-2399; website: http://manila.usembassy.gov/. The American Business Center is located at 25/F, Ayala Life - FGU Center, 6811 Ayala Avenue, Makati City. It houses the Foreign Commercial Service: tel. (63)(2) 888-4088; fax 888-6606; website: http://manila.usembassy.gov/wwwh3012.html; and the Foreign Agricultural Service: tel. (63)(2) 887-1137; fax 887-1268; website: http://manila.usembassy.gov/wwwh3011.html.
The U.S. Department of State's Consular Information Program advises Americans traveling and residing abroad through Country Specific Information, Travel Alerts, and Travel Warnings. Country Specific Information exists for all countries and includes information on entry and exit requirements, currency regulations, health conditions, safety and security, crime, political disturbances, and the addresses of the U.S. embassies and consulates abroad. Travel Alerts are issued to disseminate information quickly about terrorist threats and other relatively short-term conditions overseas that pose significant risks to the security of American travelers. Travel Warnings are issued when the State Department recommends that Americans avoid travel to a certain country because the situation is dangerous or unstable.
There are several destinations for the traveller to enjoy in the Philippines. It is best if you hire a local to show you around. Every Filipino is proud of his domain. He is very hospitable and always has a smile on his face. You can find a tourist guide almost anywhere. There are professional travel agencies with professional travel guides and there the pedicab drivers, tri-cycle drivers, jeepney drivers, and taxi or puj drivers. Each one of these individuals are very familiar with their area and will do their best to show you their hometown or show-off their hometown.
If you want to enjoy the local areas or barangays, do not hesitate to visit the barangay hall. There you will meet the most wonderful and cooperative people. The officer of the day or the secretary of the barangay will be more than willing help you or point you to the right direction. Every barangay in the Philippines has an elected secretary. The barangay captain (puno) and the council members (kagawads) are always moving around, but the secretary is always in the office.
If you are travelling with teenagers, there is the SK (Sangguniang Kabataan) or Youth Council in each of the barangays. You can have an appointment with one of the youth council members. This is usually a 5 or 8 member group. Again these folks are more than willing to help you.
- Taluksangay Village in Zamboanga City
Education in the Philippines
There are over 40,000 barangays in the Philippines and just about everysingle barangay has an elementary school. In the more urban areas, each barangay has a public high school.
Real Estate or Properties for Sale or lease in The Philippines
- If you have real estate property, whether its commercial, residential, farm land, or just an empty lot in The Philippines, you can list that property for free. Click to VIEW, EDIT, or ADD Realty Listings.
- You can list your House and lot or farm land for sale or lease for free here in Z-Wiki
- The exotic jeepney is a post-war creation inspired by the GI jeeps that the American soldiers brought to the Philippines in the 1940s. Enterprising Filipinos salvaged the surplus engines and came out unique vehicles of art.
- Short distance and feeder trips could not be more exciting than via Philippine quick transports – **the tricycle, a motorcycle with a sidecar, and
- the pedicab, a bicycle with a sidecar.
- The world’s longest underground river system accessible to man can be found at the St. Paul National Park in the province of Palawan.
- Festivals and Events in May
Pattaraday Festival-May 1–5(Santiago city) ★ Katagman Festival - May 3(Oton,Iloilo) ★ Panagat Festival-May 2–8 (Buruanga, Aklan) ★ Binatbatan Festival of the Arts - First week of May, Vigan City ★ Obando Fertility Rites - May 17, 18 & 19 Obando, Bulacan ★ Domorokdok Festival-May 4 Botolan Zambales ★ Bariw Festival- May 14–15 Nabas, Aklan ★ Pahiyas Festival - May 15, Lucban, Quezon ★ Agawan Festival - May 15, Sariaya, Quezon ★ Araquio Festival - May, Gen.Tinio, Nueva Ecija ★ Pasayahan sa Lucena (St. Ferdinand) -May 30, Lucena, Philippines ★ Samahang Bulaklakan Festival - Last Sunday of May, Siniloan, Laguna ★ Tapusan Float Parade Festival - May 31, Alitagtag, Batangas ★ Festivity of Saint Michael - May 7–8 San Miguel, Panganiban, Catanduanes [Louie B. dela Cruz] ★ Binirayan Festival - May 1, San Jose de Buenavista, Antique ★ Araña`t Baluarte Festival- May 15 Gumaca, Quezon ★ Pista ng Banal na Krus- Every 2nd Saturday of May, Tanza, Navotas City ★ Pangisraan Festival- May 1–10 Calatrava, Romblon ★ Ati-atihan Festival - Last Saturday of May - Brgy. 7, Fermont Village, Victorias City, Neg. Occ. ★ Pastulan Festival- Every 2nd Saturday of May. San Pascual, Batangas