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Click on the letter that your Last Name starts with.
|I. 1st Generation||Most families do not keep written records of their genealogy. Hence, records are based on living memory. Trying to remember the brothers and sisters of the grandparents can be a struggle without written records. Most families can only remember immediate members of the family. Close first cousins are usually remembered but second cousins are seldom remembered. Z-wiki's genealogy format will help you keep your written family record straight and will serve as a supplement to your family history records. Z-wiki is global, so all family members around the world can easily share in their genealogy information online, at any time.|
|GEII. 2nd Generation|
|GENEIII. 3rd Generation|
|GENERAIV. 4th Generation|
|GENERATIV. 5th Generation|
|GENERATIONVI. 6th Generation|
|GENERA...& all future descendants|
- If you need assistance in creating a wiki page for your family, please contact: firstname.lastname@example.org The service is FREE.
|1||Common Ancestor||Child||GrandChild||Great GrandChild||2nd Great GrandChild||3rd Great GrandChild||
4th Great GrandChild
|5th Great GrandChild||6th Great GrandChild||7th Great GrandChild|
|2||Child||Sibling||<< Niece or Nephew||Grand Niece or Nephew||Great Grand Niece or Nephew||2nd Great Grand Niece or Nephew||3rd Great Grand Niece or Nephew||4th Great Grand Niece or Nephew||5th Great Grand Niece or Nephew||6th Great Grand Niece or Nephew|
|3||GrandChild||^ Niece or Nephew ↑||
Children of Siblings
are First Cousins
|First Cousin Once Removed||First Cousin Twice Removed||First Cousin Three Times Removed||First Cousin Four Times Removed||First Cousin Five Times Removed||First Cousin Six Times Removed||First Cousin Seven Times Removed|
|4||Great GrandChild||Grand Niece or Nephew||First Cousin Once Removed||Second Cousin||Second Cousin Once Removed||Second Cousin Twice Removed||Second Cousin Three Times Removed||Second Cousin Four Times Removed||Second Cousin Five Times Removed||Second Cousin Six Times Removed|
|5||2nd Great GrandChild||Great Grand Niece or Nephew||First Cousin Twice Removed||Second Cousin Once Removed||Third Cousin||Third Cousin Once Removed||Third Cousin Twice Removed||Third Cousin Three Times Removed||Third Cousin Four Times Removed||Second Cousin Five Times Removed|
|6||3rd Great GrandChild||2nd Great Grand Niece or Nephew||First Cousin Three Times Removed||Second Cousin Twice Removed||Third Cousin Once Removed||Fourth Cousin||Fourth Cousin Once Removed||Fourth Cousin Twice Removed||Fourth Cousin Three Times Removed||Fourth Cousin Four Times Removed|
|7||4th Great GrandChild||3rd Great Grand Niece or Nephew||First Cousin Four Times Removed||Second Cousin Three Times Removed||Third Cousin Twice Removed||Fourth Cousin Once Removed||Fifth Cousin||Fifth Cousin Once Removed||Fifth Cousin Twice Removed||Fifth Cousin Three Times Removed|
|8||5th Great GrandChild||4th Great Grand Niece or Nephew||First Cousin Five Times Removed||Second Cousin Four Times Removed||Third Cousin Three Times Removed||Fourth Cousin Twice Removed||Fifth Cousin Once Removed||Sixth Cousin||Sixth Cousin Once Removed||Sixth Cousin Twice Removed|
|9||6th Great GrandChild||5th Great Grand Niece or Nephew||First Cousin Six Times Removed||Second Cousin Five Times Removed||Third Cousin Four Times Removed||Fourth Cousin Three Times Removed||Fifth Cousin Twice Removed||Sixth Cousin Once Removed||Seventh Cousin||Seventh Cousin Once Removed|
|10||7th Great GrandChild||6th Great Grand Niece or Nephew||First Cousin Seven Times Removed||Second Cousin Six Times Removed||Third Cousin Five Times Removed||Fourth Cousin Four Times Removed||Fifth Cousin Three Times Removed||Sixth Cousin Twice Removed||Seventh Cousin Once Removed||Eighth Cousin|
- Select two people in your family and figure out which ancestor they have in common. For example, if you chose yourself and a first cousin, you would have a grandparent in common.
- Look at the top row of the chart and find the first person's relationship to the common ancestor.
- Look at the far left column of the chart and find the second person's relationship to the common ancestor.
- Move across the columns and down the rows to determine where the row and column containing these two relationships (from #2 & #3) meet. This box is the relationship between the two individuals.
Good Family relationships will keep you happy and healthy
- by Franklin H. Maletsky
- RESPECT: Foster and adhere to the RESPECT for one another. Respect is not to be expected. Respect is to be given. Do not expect to earn the respect from the other person before you respect him/her. Simply give respect. It will come to you abundantly.
- Children may not know what the word respect means. But they know what it feels like to be respected or be disrespected. They may have not have heard the word yet or made any reference to that word in what they feel, but deep inside they already know what it feels like to be respected. It is instinctive to want to be respected. Children can feel when they are disrespected. They can feel when they are respected. Words, tone of voice, and actions are felt by children. These feelings are carried forward to adulthood. Parents or guardians must teach children what the word respect means. Teach them the greatest twin virtues of Respect and Kindness.
- Respect makes a person care for another, it allows one to be open and be willing to have a good conversation, to allow the understanding of one another, which can ultimately lead to LOVE.
- Respect all the creations in this universe. We are its steward. Utilize all the material things around you but be sustainable, recycle or re-use and never abuse or waste. Always replenish.
- If you carry respect with you at all times, then that greatest advise, "to love one another" can be achieved.
- GIVE RESPECT. DO NOT EXPECT RESPECT. "Respect is to be earned, only if lost once given."
- Anything done without respect is done either for the money, for a reward, as an obligation, out of pity, out of tolerance, was told to, was forced to, was coerced to, for survival, or for vanity. Do your best to attach the ingredient of respect when you do anything.
- Do not allow those bullies to cheat, insult, or deprive. Tolerate if you must, until you are able to fight back. Not because you hate or you are hated but because you are defending and protecting what and who you love and respect.
- PRUDENCE: The skill, ability, or wisdom to avoid conflict and choose what is right and what is good or beneficial to humanity.
Be cordial. When you approach, communicate, talk to or listen to an individual you do not like, use good judgment and discipline yourself to use reason vs emotion. Your judgment may dictate that the individual you are conversing or dealing with is totally disagreeable, offensive, vile and revolting yet you need to rise above all that negative emotion and use reason to be gracious, hospitable, warm and friendly. Diplomacy requires prudence. Be attentive and listen more to what others are saying or just simply talking about. Always speak the truth, but avoid excessive deliberations, otherwise folly will be your company. You can't be diplomatic without being prudent. Being prudent however, does not imply that one has to be submissive to the bully or evil.
- GRATITUDE: Appreciate what you have and never take others for granted. When you give or when you are being compassionate or generous, do not ever expect reciprocation. God knows your good deeds. Be grateful but never expect others to be grateful towards you. Do not expect gratitude from others. It is an uncomfortable feeling, knowing that your generosity is not being reciprocated with gratitude, while you are always grateful for the generosities that you receive. Smile inwardly. This is when you let positive thinking overcome the negative. Disappointment comes to those who EXPECT reciprocation and gratitude, because vanity always expects a compliment or reward. Vanity thrives on praises, applause, and reciprocation. Never fail to say thank you. Learn how to make people feel good. Be grateful now, rather than feel the sorrow or regret that you never took the opportunity to say "THANK YOU". Apologize for your inconsistencies or failures but do not ever fail to thank the other person for tolerating you or for being patient with you.
- At meal time pray and give thanks 3 times. First to God, second to the person providing the food, third to the people who grew or produced the food. Always be grateful for your life.
- If you want to thank God for your health and prosperity; thank him by helping yourself become better, thank him by helping others and sharing your love, knowledge, abundance and prosperity.
- RESPONSIBLE PROSPERITY: As you prosper through life you must exercise prudence and responsible ways to attain your wealth and prosperity. There is no need to deprive others in order for you to succeed. Negotiation is a two way street. Both parties must be satisfied. Always keep in mind principle #1. Rewards seldom come immediately but you must stay focused, focus will determine your reality. You will always hear sayings about what money can’t get for you. Undeniably that is true. That is why you need to practice responsible prosperity with charity and compassion in your demeanor.
Survival is our basic instinct. To survive we the creatures of God need: Sustenance, Shelter, Energy, Propagation, Security, Exploration, Healthcare, Unity, Education, Pleasure
- Share your prosperity, share your abundance, share your knowledge, share your acquisitions and most of all share the love that is in your heart. Prosperity is threefold: Material prosperity, Intellectual prosperity, and spiritual prosperity. The acquisition of material and intellectual prosperity does not guarantee you happiness. Reaching for spiritual prosperity touches happiness, it touches love. For humanity to prosper, we must share, we must be involved. Humans are born selfish! Parents and Adults must teach children to share. As you chip away at your "rock of selfishness", sharing becomes easier. Conversations and relationships become less & less difficult.
- Develop what you can but with the attitude of sustainable development for posterity. Harvest the bounty of the world but always let nature return to its living splendor. You are the steward of your body and soul and of this universe. Develop your body, your mind and soul. But never deprive others or this universe in the process of your development. Having the ability to SHARE embedded in our soul: Makes us: generous, kind, helpful, merciful, compassionate, amiable and tender. Be compassionate and try to alleviate the needy, the suffering, the sorrow and misfortune of others. Sharing makes the universe a better place. Learn to share the cheapest and most abundant human positive commodity, the SMILE. A smile is irresistible, compelling, persuasive, contagious, and catching. A simple smile can change the life of an individual.
- Be generous, kind and helpful but never let this be under pressure or coercion from others. Let this come from your heart. Generosity or being helpful must not be a result of an incentive to being rewarded for the "good deed". It must not come from bribery to be reciprocated. Give with and from the goodness of your heart without expecting reciprocation. Giving as a result of guilt without atonement is simply a way "buying" personal satisfaction.
- ACCOUNTABILITY: We will be accountable for all our thoughts, words, and deeds. Don't be a bully. Teach the children to give respect. Teach them not to cheat, not to insult and not to deprive. While in this world, there are rules and laws that demand to be followed. Disobedience can lead to severe consequences. Accountability is not simply for our corporeal life. We will also be accountable in the after life. Accountability does not simply apply to the negatives that we have done, it is also for the positive things in our life. Your good thoughts, words and deeds will be rewarded. Anytime you follow, lead or forge the path for the positive, good things will always happen to you. Every time you reach for something you create a permanent path or bridge back you. Through the generations and in many cultures there are sayings of "you reap what you sow", "Karma", "what goes around, comes around". The path we take here in this universe will be the path to our spiritual state. Every moment through your journey in life, you create paths of "to and from". The Positive or Negative may travel those same paths that you have created in your life in either way. These are all about accountability.
- ENLIGHTENMENT: Love transcends all. Express your love in thought or feeling, in words, in gestures, in deeds or in your conduct.
- Do not Cheat. Do not Insult. Love but never deprive, share and be balanced and you will be ENLIGHTENED.
10 Health Habits That Will Help You Live to 100
By Deborah Kotz
The biggest factor that determines how well you age is not your genes but how well you live. Not convinced? A new study published in the British Medical Journal of 20,000 British folks shows that you can cut your risk of having a stroke in half by doing the following four things: being active for 30 minutes a day, eating five daily servings of fruit and vegetables, and avoiding cigarettes and excess alcohol.
While those are some of the obvious steps you can take to age well, researchers have discovered that centenarians tend to share certain traits in how they eat, move about, and deal with stress—the sorts of things we can emulate to improve our own aging process. Of course, getting to age 100 is enormously more likely if your parents did. Still, Thomas Perls, who studies the century-plus set at Boston University School of Medicine, believes that assuming you've sidestepped genes for truly fatal diseases like Huntington's, "there's nothing stopping you from living independently well into your 90s." Heck, if your parents and grandparents were heavy smokers, they might have died prematurely without ever reaching their true potential lifespan, so go ahead and shoot for those triple digits by following these 10 habits.
- Don't retire. "Evidence shows that in societies where people stop working abruptly, the incidence of obesity and chronic disease skyrockets after retirement," says Luigi Ferrucci, director of the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. The Chianti region of Italy, which has a high percentage of centenarians, has a different take on leisure time. "After people retire from their jobs, they spend most of the day working on their little farm, cultivating grapes or vegetables," he says. "They're never really inactive." Farming isn't for you? Volunteer as a docent at your local art museum or join the Experience Corps, a program offered in 19 cities that places senior volunteers in urban public elementary schools for about 15 hours a week.
- Floss every day. That may help keep your arteries healthy. A 2008 New York University study showed that daily flossing reduced the amount of gum-disease-causing bacteria in the mouth. This bacteria is thought to enter the bloodstream and trigger inflammation in the arteries, a major risk factor for heart disease. Other research has shown that those who have high amounts of bacteria in their mouth are more likely to have thickening in their arteries, another sign of heart disease. "I really do think people should floss twice a day to get the biggest life expectancy benefits," stresses Perls.
- Move around. "Exercise is the only real fountain of youth that exists," says Jay Olshansky, a professor of medicine and aging researcher at the University of Illinois at Chicago. "It's like the oil and lube job for your car. You don't have to do it, but your car will definitely run better." Study after study has documented the benefits of exercise to improve your mood, mental acuity, balance, muscle mass, and bones. "And the benefits kick in immediately after your first workout," Olshansky adds. Don't worry if you're not a gym rat. Those who see the biggest payoffs are the ones who go from doing nothing to simply walking around the neighborhood or local mall for about 30 minutes a day. Building muscle with resistance training is also ideal, but yoga classes can give you similar strength-training effects if you're not into weight lifting.
- Eat a fiber-rich cereal for breakfast. Getting a serving of whole-grains, especially in the morning, appears to help older folks maintain stable blood sugar levels throughout the day, according to a recent study conducted by Ferrucci and his colleagues. "Those who do this have a lower incidence of diabetes, a known accelerator of aging," he says.
- Get at least six hours of shut-eye. Instead of skimping on sleep to add more hours to your day, get more to add years to your life. "Sleep is one of the most important functions that our body uses to regulate and heal cells," says Ferrucci. "We've calculated that the minimum amount of sleep that older people need to get those healing REM phases is about six hours." Those who reach the century mark make sleep a top priority.
- Consume whole foods, not supplements. Strong evidence suggests that people who have high blood levels of certain nutrients—selenium, beta-carotene, vitamins C and E—age much better and have a slower rate of cognitive decline. Unfortunately, there's no evidence that taking pills with these nutrients provides those antiaging benefits. "There are more than 200 different carotenoids and 200 different flavonoids in a single tomato," points out Ferrucci, "and these chemicals can all have complex interactions that foster health beyond the single nutrients we know about like lycopene or vitamin C." Avoid nutrient-lacking white foods (breads, flour, sugar) and go for all those colorful fruits and vegetables and dark whole-grain breads and cereals with their host of hidden nutrients.
- Be less neurotic. It may work for Woody Allen, who infuses his worries with a healthy dose of humor, but the rest of us neurotics may want to find a new way to deal with stress. "We have a new study coming out that shows that centenarians tend not to internalize things or dwell on their troubles," says Perls. "They are great at rolling with the punches." If this inborn trait is hard to overcome, find better ways to manage when you're stressed: Yoga, exercise, meditation, tai chi, or just deep breathing for a few moments are all good. Ruminating, eating chips in front of the TV, binge drinking? Bad, very bad.
- Live like a Seventh Day Adventist. Americans who define themselves as Seventh Day Adventists have an average life expectancy of 89, about a decade longer than the average American. One of the basic tenets of the religion is that it's important to cherish the body that's on loan from God, which means no smoking, alcohol abuse, or overindulging in sweets. Followers typically stick to a vegetarian diet based on fruits, vegetables, beans, and nuts, and get plenty of exercise. They're also very focused on family and community.
- Be a creature of habit. Centenarians tend to live by strict routines, says Olshansky, eating the same kind of diet and doing the same kinds of activities their whole lives. Going to bed and waking up at the same time each day is another good habit to keep your body in the steady equilibrium that can be easily disrupted as you get on in years. "Your physiology becomes frailer when you get older," explains Ferrucci, "and it's harder for your body to bounce back if you, say, miss a few hours of sleep one night or drink too much alcohol." This can weaken immune defenses, leaving you more susceptible to circulating flu viruses or bacterial infections.
- Stay connected. Having regular social contacts with friends and loved ones is key to avoiding depression, which can lead to premature death, something that's particularly prevalent in elderly widows and widowers. Some psychologists even think that one of the biggest benefits elderly folks get from exercise the strong social interactions that come from walking with a buddy or taking a group exercise class. Having a daily connection with a close friend or family member gives older folks the added benefit of having someone watch their back. "They'll tell you if they think your memory is going or if you seem more withdrawn," says Perls, "and they might push you to see a doctor before you recognize that you need to see one yourself."
Using Zwiki genealogy is the best way to keep your family records on line and available to other members of the family. ZWiki genealogy is the free way of keeping your family tree growing with relevant information.
Zwiki Genealogy wants to share the wisdom of George Carlin with you. So much humor, so much truth. This is his view on AGING.
IF YOU DON'T READ THIS TO THE VERY END, YOU HAVE LOST A DAY IN YOUR LIFE. AND WHEN YOU HAVE FINISHED, DO AS I AM DOING, SHARE IT.
George Carlin's Views on Aging
Do you realize that the only time in our lives when we like to get old is when we're kids? If you're less than 10 years old, you'r e so excited about aging that you think in fractions.
'How old are you?' 'I'm fourand a half!' You're never thirty-six and a half. You're four and a half, going on five! That's the key
You get into your teens, now they can't hold you back. You jump to the next number, or even a few ahead.
'How old are you?' 'I'm gonna be 16!' You could be 13, but hey, you're gonna be 16! And then the greatest day of your life . . You become 21. Even the words sound like a ceremony . YOU BECOME 21. YESSSS!!!
But then you turn 30. Oooohh, what happened there? Makes you sound like bad milk! He TURNED; we had to throw him out. There's no fun now, you're Just a sour-dumpling. What's wrong? What's cha nged?
You BECOME 21, you TURN30, then you're PUSHING 40. Whoa! Put on the brakes, it's all slipping away. Before you know it, you REACH 50 and your dreams are gone.
But wait!!! You MAKE it to 60. You didn't think you would!
So you BECOME 21, TURN30, PUSH 40, REACH 50 andMAKE it to 60.
You've built up so much speed that you HIT 70! After that it's a day-by-day thing; you HIT Wednesday!
You get into your 80's and every day is a complete cycle; you HIT lunch; you TURN 4:30 ; you REACH bedtime. And it doesn't end there. Into the 90s, you start going backwards; 'I Was JUST 92.'
Then a strange thing happens. If you make it over 100, you become a little kid again. 'I'm 100 and a half!' May you all make it to a healthy 100 and a half!!
HOW TO STAY YOUNG
- Throw out nonessential numbers. This includes age, weight and height. Let the doctors worry about them. That is why you pay 'them.'
- Keep only cheerful friends. The grouches pull you down.
- Keep learning. Learn more about the computer, crafts, gardening, whatever. Never let the brain idle. 'An idle mind is the devil's workshop.' And the devil'sname is Alzheimer's.
- Enjoy the simple things.
- Laugh often, long and loud. Laugh until you gasp for breath.
- The tears happen.Endure, grieve, and move on. The only person, who is with us our entire life, is ourselves. Be ALIVE while you are alive.
- Surround yourself with what you love , whether it's family, pets, keepsakes, music, plants, hobbies, whatever. Your home is your refuge.
- Cherish your health: If it is good, preserve it. If it is unstable, improve it. If it is beyond what you can improve, get help.
- Don't take guilt trips.Take a trip to the mall, even to the next county; to a foreign country but NOT to where the guilt is.
- Tell the people you love that you love them, at every opportunity.
AND ALWAYS REMEMBER : Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take,but by the moments that take our breath away.
Share this with someone. We all need to live life to its fullest each day!! Have a great Zwiki day.
Celebrate Growing Older
Z-Wiki Genealogy found this great article from Regina Brett and we are sharing it with you.
Written By Regina Brett
of The Plain Dealer, Cleveland , Ohio
"To celebrate growing older, I once wrote the 45 lessons. It is the most-requested column I've ever written.":
- Life isn't fair, but it's still good.
- When in doubt, just take the next small step.
- Life is too short to waste time hating anyone.
- Your job won't take care of you when you are sick. Your friends and parents will. Stay in touch.
- Pay off your credit cards every month.
- You don't have to win every argument. Agree to disagree.
- Cry with someone. It's more healing than crying alone.
- It's OK to get angry with God. He can take it.
- Save for retirement starting with your first paycheck.
- When it comes to chocolate, resistance is futile.
- Make peace with your past so it won't screw up the present.
- It's OK to let your children see you cry.
- Don't compare your life to others. You have no idea what their journey is all about.
- If a relationship has to be a secret, you shouldn't be in it.
- Everything can change in the blink of an eye. But don't worry; God never blinks.
- Take a deep breath. It calms the mind.
- Get rid of anything that isn't useful, beautiful or joyful.
- Whatever doesn't kill you really does make you stronger.
- It's never too late to have a happy childhood. But the second one is up to you and no one else.
- When it comes to going after what you love in life, don't take no for an answer.
- Burn the candles, use the nice sheets, wear the fancy lingerie. Don't save it for a special occasion. Today is special.
- Over prepare, then go with the flow.
- Be eccentric now. Don't wait for old age to wear purple.
- The most important sex organ is the brain.
- No one is in charge of your happiness but you.
- Frame every so-called disaster with these words 'In five years, will this matter?'
- Always choose life.
- Forgive everyone everything.
- What other people think of you is none of your business.
- Time heals almost everything. Give time time.
- However good or bad a situation is, it will change.
- Don't take yourself so seriously. No one else does.
- Believe in miracles.
- God loves you because of who God is, not because of anything you did or didn't do.
- Don't audit life. Show up and make the most of it now.
- Growing old beats the alternative -- dying young.
- Your children get only one childhood.
- All that truly matters in the end is that you loved.
- Get outside every day. Miracles are waiting everywhere.
- If we all threw our problems in a pile and saw everyone else's,we'd grab ours back.
- Envy is a waste of time. You already have all you need.
- The best is yet to come.
- No matter how you feel, get up, dress up and show up.
- Life isn't tied with a bow, but it's still a gift."
To reach this Plain Dealer columnist: email@example.com, 216-999-6328
- Friends are the family that we choose for ourselves.
- Discover your ancestors with the interactive family history website. Start a family tree with the help of Z-Wiki. It's FREE.
- Family Sayings:
- I don't care how poor a man is; if he has family, he's rich. ~Dan Wilcox and Thad Mumford, "Identity Crisis," M*A*S*H
- Rejoice with your family in the beautiful land of life! ~Albert Einstein
- It is not flesh and blood but the heart which makes us fathers and sons. ~Johann Schiller
- The family is a haven in a heartless world. ~Attributed to Christopher Lasch
- Nobody has ever before asked the nuclear family to live all by itself in a box the way we do. With no relatives, no support, we've put it in an impossible situation. ~Margaret Mead
- Families are like fudge - mostly sweet with a few nuts. ~Author Unknown