Talk:Quezon City, Philippines
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Barangays (142) of Quezon City in the 2nd District within the Metro Manila Area of the Philippines
Alicia D1 • Amihan D3 • Apolonio D2 • Baesa D2 • Bagbag D2 • Bagong Lipunan Crame D4 • Bagong Pag-asa D1 • Bagong Silangan D2 • Bagumbayan D3 • Bagumbuhay D3 • Bahay Toro D1 • Balingasa D1 • Balongbato D2 • Batasan Hills D2 • Bayanihan D3 • Blue Ridge A D3 • Blue Ridge B D3 • Botocan D4 • Bungad D1 • Camp Aguinaldo D3 • Capri D2 • Central-City Hall- D4 • Commonwealth D2 • Culiat D2 • Damar D1 • Damayan D1 • Damayang Lagi QI D4 • Del Monte D1 • Dioquino Zobel D3 • Don Manuel D4 • Doña Aurora D4 • Doña Imelda D4 • Doña Josefa D4 • Duyan-duyan D3 • E. Rodriguez D3 • East Kamias D3 • Escopa I D3 • Escopa II D3 • Escopa III D3 • Escopa IV D3 • Fairview D2 • Greater Lagro D2 • Gulod D2 • Holy Spirit D2 • Horseshoe D4 • Immaculate Conception D4 • Kaligayahan • Kalusugan D4 • Kamuning D4 • Katipunan D1 • Kaunlaran • Kristong Hari D4 • Krus na Ligas D4 • Laging Handa D4 • Libis D3 • Lourdes D1 • Loyola Heights D3 • Maharlika D1 • Malaya D4 • Mangga D3 • Manresa D1 • Mariana D4 • Mariblo D1 • Marilag D3 • Masagana D3 • Masambong D1 • Matandang Balara D3 • Milagrosa D3 • N.S. Amoranto D1 • Nagkaisang Nayon D2 • Nayong Kanluran D1 • New Era D2 • North Fairview D2 • Novaliches Proper D2 • Obrero D4 • Old Capitol Site D4 • Paang Bundok D1 • Pag-ibig sa Nayon D1 • Paligsahan D4 • Paltok D1 • Pansol D3 • Paraiso D1 • Pasong Putik D2 • Pasong Tamo D2 • Payatas D2 • PhilAm D1 • Pinagkaisahan D4 • Pinyahan D4 • Project 6 D1 • Quirino 2-A D3 • Quirino 2-B D3 • Quirino 2-C D3 • Quirino 3-A D3 • Quirino 3-B D3 • Ramon Magsaysay D1 • Roxas D4 • Sacred Heart D4 • Saint Ignatius D3 • Saint Peter D1 • Salvacion D1 • San Agustin D2 • San Antonio D1 • San Bartolome D2 • San Isidro Galas D4 • San Isidro Labrador D1 • San Jose D1 • San Martin de Pores D4 • San Roque D3 • San Vicente D4 • Sangandaan D2 • Santa Cruz D1 • Santa Lucia D2 • Santa Monica D2 • Santa Teresita D1 • Santo Cristo D1 • Santo Domingo D1 • Santo Niño • Santol • Sauyo D2 • Siena D1 • Sikatuna Village D4 • Silangan D3 • Soccorro D3 • South Triangle D4 • Tagumpay Project D3 • Talayan D1 • Talipapa D2 • Tandang Sora D2 • Tatalon D4 • Teacher’s Village East D4 • Teacher’s Village West D4 • U.P. Campus D4 • U.P. Village D4 • Ugong Norte D3 • Unang Sigaw D2 • Valencia D4 • VASRA D1 • Veteran’s Village D1 • Villa Maria Clara D3 • West Kamias D3 • West Triangle D1 • White Plains D3
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2005-2006 Quezon City Annual Report
- 1 THE QUEZON CITY GOVERNMENT
- 2 MESSAGE FROM THE MAYOR
- 3 CREATING A POSITION OF STRENGTH
- 4 ENSURING THE HEALTH AND SAFETY OF OUR COMMUNITY
- 5 HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INVESTMENTS
- 6 CREATING MORE OPPORTUNITIES FOR PRODUCTIVITY
- 7 FURTHER CAPACITY BUILDING FOR THE POOR
- 8 EXPANDING GAINS THROUGH PARTNERSHIPS
- 9 QUEZON CITY IS OUR PRIDE
- 10 Quezon City’s walk with heroes.
- 11 Community Chronicles: Tales Oft Told.
THE QUEZON CITY GOVERNMENT
Feliciano “Sonny” Belmonte, Jr. assumed the leadership of the Quezon City Government on July 1, 2001, and was elected for a second term in 2004. Instituting effective governance has been the focus of his administration from its first day in office.
From the City Mayor emanates all executive authority and responsibilities. The City’s Executive Branch is composed of 17 departments and nine offices. Through the years, program or service-based units, committees and task forces have been organized to undertake activities that become necessary as a result of population growth and added responsibilities under the Local Government Code.
Legislative power is lodged with the City Council headed by the Vice Mayor as the presiding officer. The incumbent Vice Mayor is Herbert M. Bautista, who has occupied this post from 1995-1998 and from 2001 to the present.
Members of the City Council are the 24 Councilors representing the four districts of Quezon City, the President of the Liga ng mga Barangay and the President of the City Sangguniang Kabataan Federation. The Office of the City Secretary serves as the Council Secretariat.
At the community level, leadership is conferred by electoral process on Barangay Captains, one for each of the City’s 142 barangays. Aside from the Barangay Captain, the barangay government consists of seven Barangay Kagawad, the Sangguniang Kabataan Chairman, the Secretary and the Treasurer.
MESSAGE FROM THE MAYOR
It is not often that a man is entrusted with leading two and a half million people, and tasked to make difference in their lives. It is a privilege that I cherish because I was given this challenge not only once but twice. God willing, this challenge shall again beckon me in 2007. Have I lived up to this challenge? What has Quezon City become in the past five years under this administration?
We have, in just five years, transformed a laggard into the most interesting premier metropolis of the National Capital Region. Quezon City has become the focus of attention of international development institutions, business conglomerates and urban developers. We are stimulating opportunities where once there was none.
I am lucky to be mayor at a time when the global trend is that cities have become the center of economic competition. Cities are now the new nations, able to source for themselves investments, business opportunities and resources. In the Philippines, more progressive cities like Quezon City are igniting the engines of growth.
It is tempting for me just to work to make the City look good only during my term. I could pour resources into short-term programs that will fizzle out as soon as I step out of office. Bahala na ang susunod na mayor. But I did not aspire to be a mayor simply to look good while in office. I have heard a man say that the first task of a leader is to keep hope alive. I want to go beyond that. I am working to make hope happen. I want the ensuing reality to endure for many years to come by investing in the future. For Quezon City, a broad investment perspective becomes viable now that we have put our house in order. We created and reinforced our strengths that have become our pillars of growth:
- -- Capacity building continues to make us a strong and capable government;
- -- Prudent and effective financial management has made us a resource-rich local government;
- -- Efficient and well-rationalized systems have developed in us a needs-responsive and solutions-driven administration.
Innovative and visionary management is leading our government not only to take care of our present constituents, but also to prepare them for the future.
Our people are now beginning to enjoy the fruits of our first five years of investment of making lives progressively better. And the prospects are great that these benefits can grow exponentially in the future. Yes, the challenges of development are vast but also daunting. And the multitude of tasks needed to make it so can be exhausting. Nakakapagod talaga. But I see the pride in our people’s eyes... their pride and great expectations for the future inspire me! They energize me! They excite me! We are only reaching the crescendo of what we can achieve. Quezon City should have more, because our people deserve it! Quezon City should have more, because it has the potential and the resources to achieve more!
I am proud of Team Quezon City! All of you have provided the building blocks that are now reshaping our City. Thank you all and God bless our City and people.
Mayor Feliciano Belmonte, Jr.
CREATING A POSITION OF STRENGTH
The story of the Belmonte administration is a well-known classic debt-to-riches narrative of a dramatic turnaround from inheriting over Php 1 billion of bank debt, plus Php 2 billion more in payables, to become the highest income-earning local government unit (LGU) in the Philippines.
The City government has, in fact, just paid off that Php 1.25 billion debt to the Landbank of the Philippines.
Effective capacity building and fiscal and financial management systems became the backbone and foundation that the City built its growing strength on.
Its focus is the SUNRISE:
- -- Systems-generated approaches that are…
- -- Useful now and in the coming years, yet…
- -- New and nontraditional,
- -- Resource-generating rather than resource-depleting
- -- Innovative yet integratable to the overall City vision and mission
- -- Sustainable because it is…
- -- Enterprise-generating and enduring.
Improved systems, especially at the revenue assessment and collection function, in business registration and in building permits processing, have reduced layers of bureaucracy, shortened processing time, to the satisfaction of many of our constituencies. The keys have been continued computerization of operations and systems integration.
The Quezon City government became the first local government unit in the Philippines that computerized its tax assessment and payments system. Computerization has contributed remarkably to the City government’s tax collection efficiency, contributing to the ease, comfort and peace of mind of the taxpayers, who, years before had to endure long waiting queues and fixers simply to fulfill their tax obligations. Our central data base can process more than 440,000 real estate payment units and has the capacity to service more than 20,000 taxpayers in one day.
Tax branches are also online, making possible real time reporting of branch collections to the main computer system at City Hall. The use of IT and streamlined systems are also being used to reduce the stages for processing tax declaration applications. From 20 steps taking several months, the target is for the process to just take seven days using only five work stations, for a taxpayer to get a computer-generated real property Field Appraisal and Assessment Sheet (FAAS) and a tax declaration containing entries that are validated against the real property data base.
Computerization has also proven to be an effective instrument for curbing graft and corruption, providing checks and balances, and lessening the need for individual discretion in most stages of the assessment and payment system. The extensive use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is also an important aid to tax collection efficiency. Through the GIS, the City has been able to develop a full inventory of land parcels for tax collection purposes, as well as more accurately pinpoint structures that have previously not been identified as taxable assets. We have put into operation, our GIS-Map Linking project which reconciled manually prepared tax maps with the data base of real property records. What this means is that for Quezon City property owners, tax evasion will be very easily detected. The system can detect unrecorded transactions, identify geographic locations of delinquent accounts, as well as building and land parcels that have never been declared for tax purposes.
The GIS also aids in the issuance of locational clearances and serves as a useful base for keeping track of the results of the City’s infrastructure investments.
Operations efficiency, innovation and prudence have become the City government’s most effective resource-generating tools. The results have led many to call Quezon City the richest city in the Philippines. The 2005 Commission on Audit (COA) report on the Financial Performance of Local Government Units has published the City’s net income at Php 2.65 billion, higher than the number two city by almost Php 300 million. For five straight years, the City government has been able to maintain a budget surplus averaging Php 282 million annually.
After achieving a high level of efficiency in tax collection, the Citygovernment now focuses on its strategies on improving its tax base so that it can continue to increase its revenues to finance growing needs. In addition, urban development strategies have become the City government’s tool for improving its fiscal position. Blighted properties are not only unhealthy, unsafe, an eyesore — they are also unproductive for tax purposes.
Thus, we are pursuing urban transformation to achieve three aims:
- -- Expand our tax base
INVESTMENTS IN LIFE The City’s investments will be sustained in four key areas, which are the components of LIFE: Livelihood and entrepreneurship, which mean investments in productivity that lead to enterprise creation and job generation Infrastructure development, which redound to investments in the physical transformation of the City, improving the overall environment for business and almost all aspects of community life Fiscal and financial management, which are continuing investments in strengthening governance and management capacity Education, which represents significant initiatives in knowledge creation and expansion
- -- Create new income streams for the City through enterprise-building; as well as
- -- Propel Quezon City towards a more exciting competitive position.
The physical transformation of the City will create a sustainable competitive edge. The instruments are: massive and well-rationalized infrastructure development, and determined environment management.
UNDERPINNINGS FOR GROWTH The people of Quezon City are now enjoying the fruits of Php 7.0 billion worth of infrastructure investments. These are investments to make people’s lives better – through safer communities, through more productive environments because people and vehicles can move faster and more conveniently to destinations, and through more pleasurable and healthy surroundings. Assisting the National Government. Because we have the resources, we have funded not only City infrastructure but also financed some national government projects. We have been assisting the development of national government infrastructure by as much as Php 2.34 billion to implement and complete the following: -- 45 road development and flood control projects -- 45 new school construction and 159 school repair projects -- 4 major pedestrian overpasses -- 2 vehicular bridges Php 240.89 million of the City’s budget has funded national road improvement projects and Php 52.90 million for the immediate construction of much needed pedestrian overpasses across such national roads as Commonwealth Avenue (one fronts the wet market while the other is near Litex Road), Katipunan Avenue (in front of Ateneo), and very recently, across Elliptical Road, from Philcoa to the Quezon Memorial Circle. The City has subsidized the construction and repair of school buildings by as much as Php 2.0 billion. The City has also been providing funds needed to make our teachers’ lives better through incentives, training opportunities and facilities, vehicle support, subsidies for utilities and security for schools, as well as funding or special projects. It is also supporting the needs of other national government agencies by as much as Php 1.24 billion towards financial assistance for office operations, vehicle and equipment support for the Central Police District and the Fire Department. Paving Paths for Progress. A good street network is critical to progress. Thus, Php 3.66 billion or more than 50% of our total infrastructure budget has funded 713 road, drainage, and sidewalk improvement projects that have paved more than 259 kilometers of roads all over the city. The public school system in Quezon City has gained one Division of City Schools Building and 54 new school buildings providing 887 additional classrooms.
By the end of 2006, work on 27 more school buildings will either be completed or begin, adding 363 more classrooms. With these new school buildings, classroom deficiencies are expected to be resolved in Districts 1, 3 and 4. By next year, the City government will have supplied 75% of additional high school and 67% of the huge elementary classroom requirements of District 2. The City government has also constructed or improved, and maintains 234 daycare centers in 108 barangays, where every year about 20,000 of our young children are enrolled so that poor children will have access to good education even in their early years. We have upgraded and rehabilitated 214 of these centers, with the aim of helping them equal the facilities and quality preschool education offered by private learning centers. Thus far, from 2001 to July 2006, more than 105,500 toddlers have benefited from the feeding programs and the lessons provided by our daycare teachers who undergo continuous training in Early Childhood Care and Development. Upgrading Public Health Care. We all deserve good health care. By matching infrastructure investments to needs, the City has allocated Php 129,289,978.02 for the construction and repair of 24 health centers and the City’s public hospitals. It has upgraded six into Super Health facilities such as the ones in Damayan, Novaliches, San Roque, Sta. Lucia, Kamuning, and most recently, Batasan Hills to service Area 7. Because of the quality of its facilities, the Batasan Hills Super Health Center was chosen by the Department of Health to be the research site for the much dreaded avian flu. We all deserve good health care. By matching infrastructure investments to needs, the City has allocated Php 129,289,978.02 for the construction and repair of 24 health centers and the City’s public hospitals. It has upgraded six into Super Health facilities such as the ones in Damayan, Novaliches, San Roque, Sta. Lucia, Kamuning, and most recently, Batasan Hills to service Area 7. Because of the quality of its facilities, the Batasan Hills Super Health Center was chosen by the Department of Health to be the research site for the much dreaded avian flu. The City government is also strengthening the tertiary level of health care by funding about Php 400 million for the grand transformation of the Quezon City General Hospital into a 330-bed facility. The aim is to give the poor access to an affordable yet well-organized, well-equipped public hospital. The City is submitting a supplemental budget for the construction of the new hospital by tapping its savings. Health care is further made affordable through the City government’s health insurance program for indigents. The Medicare Access Program has 58,912 family beneficiaries who are able to avail themselves of PhilHealth benefits. These include all barangay officials, contractual City Hall employees and Solo Parent ID holders. Creating Safer and More Pleasurable Surroundings. Significant amounts, Php 174,676,825.57, have also been allocated for flood control, in an effort to come up with more deliberate measures to alleviate the calamitous effects of heavy rains in many areas. The City government has been spending for the de-silting of the San Juan, San Francisco, and Tullahan Rivers which have tributaries in several parts of Quezon City. Drainage in such flood prone areas as Imperial and Westpoint Streets in Cubao and Gilmore Street in Barangay Mariana have also been improved. The City government has funded Php 64,752,587.95 worth of barangay facilities, recognizing the significant role of barangays as partners in governance. Another Php 122,568,880.84 have funded parks projects to transform open spaces, which are often blighted, into pleasant recreational facilities that many can enjoy. Barangays, homeowners and the City government form the key triangle to keeping parks alive and well-maintained. Beginning in 2005, the City Infrastructure Committee has prefaced each new park project with a memorandum of agreement that defines a commitment pact of accountabilities and responsibilities of each party to the triangle. This helps ensure that each City park will continue to be a pleasurable and safe recreational and social area for years to come. Lighting Up the City. After a comprehensive study, the City government is now ready to embark on a Php 332-million City-wide street lighting program that will be implemented from 2006 to 2008. It involves the installation, repair and maintenance of 15,808 streetlights to adequately illumine all City streets. This shall be complemented by a well-rationalized program to develop and install boundary markers, as well as street and directional signs that will create an image of a well-organized metropolis that is distinctly Quezon City. After a serious study of physical requirements, the construction of the underpass to the Quezon Memorial Circle from City Hall has begun. The underpass shall be a dramatic pathway to what is envisioned as a grandly transformed Quezon Memorial Circle that better honors the man who created Quezon City. The master plan shall begin with the development of a promenade for joggers and strollers, and the redevelopment of the entrances from Quezon Avenue and Commonwealth. Eventually, it shall include the refurbishing of the museum, as well as the rationalized development of the inner park into self-sustaining components of economic activities surrounding the core park area. It cannot be said often enough that a city as rich in culture and historical heritage as Quezon City needs a splendid public museum. The City is ready to allocate as much as Php 65 million for this showcase. Cleaning Up the City. The management of the environment is just as massive an investment of the City as infrastructure development. It spends an average of Php 47 million a month to collect the 1,500 tons of garbage that people here generate every day. However, the City now aggressively promotes, with the help of the barangays, recycling and segregation of solid wastes, which has reduced garbage volume to 1,110 tons daily. In 2000, Quezon City was among the dirtiest cities of Metro Manila, despite spending as much as Php 70 million a month on garbage collection. Later, it was named the second Cleanest and Greenest City by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources in 2004. The City government’s first response was capacity building through the creation of a permanent organization, the Environmental Protection and Waste Management Department (EPWMD), to manage a comprehensive solid waste management program for the City. Then it pioneered in the implementation of a “total package clean-up” city concept of waste management, replacing the corruptionprone “per trip” system. The City government has also gone to the extent of using pushcarts to collect garbage door-to-door from households in inaccessible areas. It identifies 268 such areas around the City and 210 already have an operational pushcart system. Two hundred sixty-four street sweepers are also regularly dispatched, at the garbage contractors’ expense, to clean streets of debris, cut grass, paint gutters and perform other simple tasks to keep communities tidy. Not only land but also waterways are the subject of clean-up. In 2003, the City government launched its Riverways Management Program called Sagip Batis sa QC which cleaned up creeks, rivers and other waterways in 101 barangays. It has become a regular program participated in strongly by barangay officials and community residents, to prevent debris build-up in the City’s 41 waterways. This program has been recognized as a Sound Practice for Megacities by the National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention based in Kobe, Japan. Quezon City has gained national acclaim as the First Urban Center to implement the Solid Waste Management Act, by pioneering in the conversion
ENSURING THE HEALTH AND SAFETY OF OUR COMMUNITY
The City’s tire-retrieval and recycling project continues to reduce non-biodegradable materials in the Payatas dumpsite and minimize causes of health and fire hazards there. As of July 2006, through the LGU’s partnership with Holcim Cement, more than 40,000 pieces or 106 tons of tires have been removed from the dumpsite to find new uses as ingredient in cement processing. In addition, a biodegradable waste processing plant was initially set up in the disposal facility in 2004, to showcase production of compost to dumpsite guests, particularly student visitors. A pilot composting plant which will use vermiculture technology, to be equipped with shredder and sifter with a capacity of 3 tons per hour, is currently being put up to formalize compost production at the dumpsite. Measures to ensure the safety of the surrounding communities and sustain the livelihood of Payatas residents were incorporated with those addressing environmental concerns and safety of the dumpsite. More than 300 families from danger zones within the dumpsite have been relocated, temporarily to core housing projects in safer areas or permanently to the housing project of the Vincentian Missionaries for Social Development Foundation, Inc. (VMSDFI) in barangay Bagong Silangan, while almost 50 families have availed themselves of the City’s Balik Probinsya Program, with assistance from IPMESI. of the Payatas Open Dump into a controlled waste facility. The dumpsite, once the scene of tragedy, has been recognized by the DENR as a model and pioneering disposal facility. Payatas has a model methane gas extraction project which international monitoring agencies are assessing as a Clean Development Mechanism or CDM. A CDM-certified project is one that has been shown to reduce the emission of greenhouse gasses and, therefore, able to earn what are called “carbon emission reductions” or CERs for the City government. Once approved, the City government will be able to sell these carbon credits to industrialized countries, and generate a new source of revenues. In the meantime, the City government is evaluating various sites which can replace Payatas, once the process of closure, as approved by the DENR, is completed.
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INVESTMENTS
The City’s most important investments in development are regenerating investments in its human assets, through knowledge creation and expansion. An average of 380,000 children are enrolled in public elementary and high schools every year, more than in any of the other public school systems in the country. Because of the City’s large, growing population, a perennial problem is the lack of classrooms to provide greater parity in classroom distribution. The City government’s infrastructure program is effectively addressing this. Another area where the City has achieved parity is in textbook distribution. Beginning school year 2006-2007, each student in Quezon City will have their own set of textbooks for all core subjects. Becoming More and More IT Relevant. More than physical facilities, the City wants to ensure that public school education in Quezon City enables students to understand and be responsive to the overwhelming focus on information communications technology or ICT. Very soon, ICT components will be in everything we do. The City government is moving to connect all public schools to the worldwide web, knowing how immeasurable the benefits would be to give school children access to information resources all over the world. The City is doing this through several programs. One way is in partnership with Ayala Foundation, to which the City has given an initial donation of Php 4 million for equipment acquisition. This is the GILAS program which means Gearing Up for Internet Literacy and Access for Students. This project has provided fully functional internet laboratories in 26 Quezon City public high schools, and eventually in all public schools. The City continues to expand its e-libraries, from the original 11 and now to 33 public elementary and high schools. The first 11 are members of the International Federation of Library Associations. Ateneo de Manila University’s Rizal Library has also offered free automation software for the new e-libraries. The City has an IT Centrex building rising at the San Francisco High School compound. It is a multipurpose e-facility designed to function as a training and research center for all fourth-year public high school students and teachers of our City schools. While this is being built, basic IT instruction and training have started for teachers and fourth-year high school students at the Division of City Schools building. Strengthening Capabilities in Science and Math. The City public school system is intensifying its teaching in English, Science and Math. Students of Quezon City Science High School have won science competitions not only nationally but also internationally in the Fifth Regional Congress Search for SEAMEO Young Scientists at Penang, Malaysia last March 2006. SEAMEO INTERNATIONAL YOUNG SCIENTIST WINNERS -- Anna Charina Cabatuando -- Noel Ang -- Kevin Cena -- Clara Obmerga -- Gerald Pascua -- Miguel Antonio Fudolig Adding the Dimension of Values. The City government is seeing to it that our public school education is multidimensional, involving also values education for our future leaders. Now on its fourth year, the SB Centrex for Student Leadership has trained 952 student leaders into dynamic, productive, principle-centered, morally upright and nationalistic young men and women, expanding the pool of excellent leaders that the country and the City needs. Ensuring Religious Parity in Education. In response to the need of the growing Muslim population, Quezon City is now on its second year of implementing the Madrasah education program in 11 of our public elementary schools. Here, 944 students are taught Islamic values and the Arabic language by Muslim Asatidz, harmonizing the traditional Philippine education system with the Madrasah system. Strengthening Tertiary and Advanced Education. Upon graduation from high school, Quezon City students enjoy support in college through the Scholarship and Youth Development Program. The City is funding the tuition of 3,123 new recipients admitted this year, for a scholarship program that now benefits 9,318. Many of these scholars are enrolled at the Quezon City Polytechnic University which has significantly upgraded its program PUBLIC SCHOOLS WITH E-LIBRARIES · Aurora Quezon ES · Bago Bantay ES · Balingasa HS · Betty Go-Belmonte ES · Camp Crame HS · Camp Gen Emilio Aguinaldo HS · Carlos Albert HS · Commonwealth HS · Culiat HS · Diosdado Macapagal ES · Division of City Schools Office · Don Alejandro Roces HS · E. Rodriguez HS · E. Rondon HS · Esteban Abada ES · Juan Sumulong HS · Judge Juan Luna HS · Lagro ES · Lagro HS · Libis ES · New Era HS · Novaliches HS · Placido Del Mundo ES · Pura V. Kalaw ES · Quezon City HS · Quezon City Science HS · Quirino ES · Quirino HS · Ramon Magsaysay HS · Rosa Susano Novaliches ES · San Bartolome HS · San Francisco HS · Sta. Lucia HS to focus increasingly on full degree courses in Entrepreneurship, ICT and Industrial Engineering. QCPU is expanding as well, with a new campus at the San Francisco High School compound in District 1. Soon, it will have another satellite campus just across Congress at IBP Road. Managing Advanced ICT Training. This year, confident of the City government’s capacity to manage a national training center for advanced ICT, the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) turned over to our LGU the responsibility of operating the Korea-Philippines Information Technology Training Center or KORPHIL. The memorandum of agreement between TESDA and the City government was signed in August 2006. This state-of-the art facility was financed by a US$ 4.3-million grant from the Korean International Cooperation Agency (KOICA), with an additional US$ 300,000 contributed by the City, aside from the half-hectare site Quezon City provided. Inaugurated in 2005 by no less than President Arroyo and South Korean President Roh Moo-hyun, the City shall manage it as an advanced national training center for IT. Currently, KORPHIL is offering 2D and 3D animation training under the Animation Council of the Philippines and a finishing course for call center agents in partnership with Sutherland Global Services, Inc. To further enhance its program, the KORPHIL will soon add to its courses e-governance, e-commerce solutions, hardware and software design, and enterprise management solutions. In the next three years, KORPHIL will lay the foundation for a strong IT convergence in Quezon City through the following: -- Linkages and dynamic cross-enterprise cooperation through advance IT solution service among companies in the Libis, Katipunan, Diliman, Commonwealth Corridor and in a Satellite IT cluster in New Manila; -- IT Distance Training Program for regional or countrywide participation in the QC-based technology convergence strategy of KORPHIL; -- Advance IT Solutions and Applications Development for the needs of the country’s small and medium-sized enterprises. Through Solutions-Based Technology, KORPHIL expects to position Quezon City at the forefront of the next generation of IT deployment and development initiatives.
CREATING MORE OPPORTUNITIES FOR PRODUCTIVITY
Just as the City is investing in knowledge creation, it is also investing in productivity through job generation and enterprise creation. The Public Employment Service Office (PESO) of Quezon City assists college graduates seeking professional careers and aids out-of-school youth through emergency employment and government internship programs. PESO has successfully tapped the financial and program support of international agencies such as the International Labor Organization, UNICEF and the United Nations Development Program, enabling it to expand its influence and service reach far beyond its office operational resources. From January to July 2006, PESO had placed 5,218 people in employment through 31 job fairs and 65 mini job fairs. It had 1,597 beneficiaries under its Special Program for the Employment of Students and 81,736 enrollees in its Vocational and Career Guidance Program from when the program began to July 2006. Complementing these are various labor management education seminars as well as the Kasama Ka Kabataan (KKK), Government Internship and Rural Works Programs. PESO also works actively for the protection of exploited children and our “kasambahay” or house help. In support of the Kasambahay Program, Councilor Francisco Calalay authored the Quezon City Kasambahay Ordinance, a pioneering effort to create a data base on domestic helpers in the City and to define their rights and privileges. As of February 2006 there are already 3,557 registrants -- 3,282 adult and 275 child (17 yrs. old and below) domestic workers. It spearheads the Quezon City Program Implementation Committee (QC-PIC) that seeks to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The QC-PIC has signed a memorandum of agreement with the National Union of Workers in the Hotel and Restaurant Industry (NUWHRAIN) to ensure the provision of medical and psychological assistance to the City’s children ensnared in prostitution. Growing Entrepreneurs. The City government has a homegrown livelihood lending and training program that grows by leaps and bounds each year. The Puhunang Pangkabuhayan ng Sikap Buhay or PPSB began in September 2001. It evolved as the City government’s response to the reality of 295,000 unemployed people, many of them in households headed by women. From a shaky start in 2001 and only 248 borrowers in 2002, today, Sikap Buhay has provided the capital needs of 16,814 micro entrepreneurs! From “Salamat sa inyong pagtitiwala sa nakaraang apat na taon. Nakakarating na sa Muntinlupa, Cavite, at Mindoro ang mga bayong naming gawa sa Payatas. Sa kita ko sa negosyo, napalaki ko ang pagawaan, napag-aral ko ang lima kong anak. Apat na ang ne-empleyo kong manggagawa.” -Amelia Roquero, 53, gumagawa ng bayong, Center 12, Area A, Barangay Payatas, 8th Loan Cycle “Mula sa aking nahiram na puhunan sa Sikap Buhay, unti-unti akong nakabili ng dagdag na limang makina at edging machine. Sinubukan ko at napalad akong makakuha ng subcontracting ng mga di-tatak Barbie, Garfield at Penshoppe na mga damit sa ShoeMart. Nakapagpakabit ako ng telepono sa bahay.” - Fely Fariñas, 49, Center 46, Sitio Kislap, Barangay Fairview, 4th Loan Cycle “Kasama ng aking asawa, na dati’y walang trabaho, napalago namin ang pagbenta ng mga plastic wares. Sa kada hiram namin ng panibagong loan cycle, nagdadagdag kami ng ibang negosyo. Ngayon nakapagbukas kami ng pwesto ng RTW clothes at nakapundar para sa sasakyang pang-service sa mga estudyante. Bilang lider ng aming center, nahalal rin akong pangulo ng aming neighborhood association.” - Lea Alfonso, 40, Center 1, Barangay Culiat, 7th Loan Cycle Php 1.24 million in lending capital in 2002, the program now lends out Php 212 million. Initially, only the Cooperative Rural Bank of Bulacan had faith in the program. Now the City has four active partners: the CRBBI was joined by NOVADECI and Eurocredit in 2003 and by the ASA Foundation in 2006. ASA Foundation is a micro-financing facility actively supported by the Ninoy Aquino Foundation and the St. Francis of Assisi Foundation. The City has created such a credible program that even prestigious schools like La Salle and the Entrepreneur School of Asia have taken notice and developed their own short business courses to further train our Sikap Buhay beneficiaries on the rudiments of running a sustainable business. Thanks to the support of the City Council, Ordinance 1607 was passed in November 2005, making Sikap Buhay no longer just a task force but a permanent cooperative development center with the new name Microfinance and Cooperative Development Center, under the Office of the Mayor. Monitoring results show that PPSB borrowers have been able to increase their family incomes by 50% to as much as 250%. The program has ingrained a culture of credit discipline, as well as developed the savings capacity of the poor. Many have been weaned from usurious lenders and the more successful ones are graduating to qualify as borrowers under formal bank lending schemes. The City government conducted a study to find out what incentives could be given to these micro-entrepreneurs, most of whom are solo artisans and service providers. The City wanted to find ways to protect them from exploitation, link them to lenders and training programs, and help in various ways to nurture their fledgling efforts into businesses that will one day qualify to compete competently in the formal economy. The data base from such a study will guide the City’s various training programs into becoming more focused, in terms of location of facilities and, in terms of matching skills with existing opportunities and markets. Aside from Sikap Buhay, the City’s other livelihood programs are conceived and implemented by Negotech and the Social Services Development Department (SSDD). Both work to link their training to skills that are in demand in today’s economy, supplementing the City’s training opportunities. The SB Negotech Center offers courses in cellular phone repair as well as basic electronics and appliance repair courses. Its two new courses are Food Technology and MIDI Musician, a response to the new trend of creating music in musical instrument digital interface (MIDI) for sale through the internet. Enrollment at the Negotech has reached 3,659 since the facility was created in 2003. SSDD’s entrepreneurial training programs have had more graduates, reaching 94,764 beneficiaries since 2001. They are another conduit through which the very poor can learn skills in food processing, crafts making, service businesses, and basic enterprise management. For those who sought employment assistance, SSDD has placed 7,100 in the SSDD’s partner businesses such as Max’s Restaurant, Gerry’s Grill, Rembrandt Hotel, Splash Corporation, Avon, Dusit Hotel, Soen Garments, Ricky Reyes Shops and Salons, among many others.
FURTHER CAPACITY BUILDING FOR THE POOR
Helping the poor requires the City’s investment in their total human development. Shelter is another important dimension. From 2001 to 2006, the Urban Poor Affairs Office has facilitated the completion of 48 community mortgage projects (CMP), enabling 1,634 families to have legal rights to their respective properties. In process are 79 other projects that shall benefit 3,558 families. Assisting the UPAO’s CMP initiatives is the Subdivision Administration Unit, which has approved the subdivision plans for more than 560,000 square meters of land benefiting 11,013 beneficiaries, for the same period. Among the largest of the CMP projects approved are: -- Covenant Village in Barangay Bagong Silangan, a 2.7-hectare development benefiting 404 families; -- Sitio Sto. Niño Chestnut West Fairview, a 1.69-hectare development, with 271 beneficiary families; -- Sandig Socialized Housing Project, a 1.86-hectare development, with 208 beneficiary families; Samahang Tawid Sapa II, Phase 1, a 2-hectare project with 359 beneficiary families Dwelling units are provided through partnership with Gawad Kalinga or through the City’s Housing and Urban Renewal Authority (HURA). In 2005, with Gawad Kalinga assistance, 556 poor families have contributed their sweat equity to build both homes and communities in lots they now own. Quezon City made available the land and most of the infrastructure. HURA has completed the construction of two medium-rise buildings at Barangay Escopa III and has turned these over to 160 qualified beneficiaries. We are now studying how to avail of funding for housing being offered by China. Building Capacity for Self-Empowerment. The poor are also assisted through capacity building, counseling and protective services. Spearheading these programs is the SSDD, which manages the Molave Youth Home, a detention center for youth in conflict with the law. In 2004, this facility was first runner-up in the Department of Health’s search for Most Outstanding Healthy prisons. In 2005, the Molave Youth Home earned the Outstanding LGU Program Award from the Galing Pook Foundation. However, the need for such youth detention facilities has diminished with the passage of Republic Act 9344, the Juvenile Justice Welfare Act, which provides that children 15 years and younger are “criminally exempt.” We believe this law requires revision. The City also runs a unique Senior Citizens Volunteer Program, which is now on its third year. About 200 senior volunteers share their expertise in education, law, health and social services. They provide tutorial services to elementary school pupils, render care-giving services to their sick counterparts, are active fitness and wellness coordinators in communities, serve as paralegal aides to social workers under the juvenile justice system and conduct information dissemination to other seniors. Becoming Gender Sensitive. Another facet to capacity building is gender development. Gender awareness policies have been recognized by international local development institutions as an important dimension of governance. Among its various programs, the Gender and Development Resources and Coordination Office (GADRCO) has been actively training focal persons in government offices and barangays, to become advocates, speakers and facilitators in communities and organizations, to lessen the incidence of violence against women, prevent acts of discrimination against men, women and homosexuals, as well as promote the welfare of all genders, whether at home, at the workplace or in social settings. The City has also made an effort to influence gender values in media by initiating the granting of the Most Gender Sensitive Film Award in the Metro Manila Film Festival. This is the third year that Quezon City has given this award, honoring Blue Moon, produced by Regal Films. GADRCO also concerns itself with the health and welfare of women and men in detention. In February 2006, they partnered with the QC Chapter of Soroptomist International and the Philippine Cancer Society to provide medical assistance for the women detained at Camp Karingal. On March 1, 2006, they organized the nationwide celebration of Women’s Month, sponsored by the National Commission on the Role of the Filipino Woman and the Quezon City government, held at the Amoranto Sports Complex. Aside from these activities, the GADRCO continuously gathers sex-disaggregated data from Quezon City Hall departments, barangays and NGOs to guide policies and programs promoting gender equality of men and women in the City. The City’s Safety and Security. The safety and security of our people are our continuing concern. It is a comfort that the City has the best police district for 2004, 2005, and 2006. The Central Police District has, in its ranks, outstanding policemen so honored as such by the National Police Commission, the Metrobank Foundation and Rotary Club. Nonetheless, the City expects the police to do even more. Everyone should feel safe in the streets and in their homes.
EXPANDING GAINS THROUGH PARTNERSHIPS
In a City where about 50% of the population lives below the poverty line, the responsibility for alleviating poverty is enormous. The development dimensions are also very diverse. That is why partnerships with other stakeholders are nurtured and pursued. Empowering People’s Organizations. One of these is the City Development Council (CDC) which draws participation and guidance from Quezon City’s four congressmen, the chairman of the City Council’s Appropriations Committee, the 142 barangay captains and representatives of 50 NGOs and people’s organizations. The CDC had its inaugural session on May 3, 2005, amply attended by 141 members of the CDC from diverse persuasions and inclinations. The event was also highlighted by the presence of DILG Secretary Angelo T. Reyes. During their session last August 30, 2005, the four major Sectoral Committees (social, economic, physical and governance) were created and their members named. A seminar for all the CDC members was held to clarify each member’s role in the realization of the City’s goals.The CDC has had two more sessions since then, including the one held at the Philippine Social Science Center last August 2006. The Muslim Consultative Council. Also working in tangent with the City are the members of the Quezon City Muslim Consultative Council (QCMCC), which helps the City define policies and programs for the well-being of Muslim Filipinos in Quezon City. This council has sourced a PhP 10-million grant from the government of Bahrain for an Islamic cemetery which the City government shall develop in a three-hectare lot in Montalban. The first tranche of funds has been released to Quezon City by the fund manager, the United Nations Development Program. Since its creation in 2004, the QCMCC has acted as a conduit for the City’s Muslim population, enabling them to avail themselves of medical, health and educational assistance. Institutionalizing Youth Representation. The City’s other partners include the youth. Last May 2005, the City government held the 2nd Quezon City Youth Summit involving about 500 youth leaders. They identified community issues confronting the youth, and they themselves resolved to formulate solutions. Workshop outputs became the reference for Local Youth Development Planning in July this year. The youth produced a medium-term youth development plan, guided by the Vice Mayor and the City executives. A strong support has been provided by the City Council, with the ordinance creating the Local Youth Development Council of Quezon City. Active Partnerships with the Barangays. It is during this administration that the barangays have become real, working partners in governance in many key aspects of operations. They are the eyes, ears and grassroots arms for effective business registration, civil registration, city tax compliance, parks maintenance, and environment management campaigns. Practically, the barangay is the most visible manifestation of the City government in each resident’s eyes. To improve barangay officials’ managerial and governance competencies, a memorandum of agreement was signed last April 29, 2005 formalizing the implementation of the Sustainable Barangay Development Course (SBDC). This is a joint project between the City government and the Center for the Local and Regional Governance (CLRG), and the University of the Philippines - National College of Public Administration and Governance (UP-NCPAG). The City government continues to remit the barangays’ share of the City’s real property tax collection effort, which has reached Php 1.81 billion since 2002. These funds are translated into thriving projects that add to what can be done to address constituency needs. Executive-Legislative Team Work. The City Council is the City government’s vital other half. The Councilors are our partners in responding to all dimensions of constituency needs, from people welfare to economic development. For the sake of Quezon City’s children, the City Council has passed several ordinances protecting minors from exploitation: -- Ordinance No. 1623 creating a Barangay Council for the Protection of Children in all Quezon City barangays; -- Ordinance No. 1624 establishing the Children’s Welfare Fund; -- Ordinance No. 1594 prohibiting the employment of minors younger than 15 years; -- Ordinance No. 784 penalizing the owner or operator of any business or entertainment establishment operating in Quezon City for employing minors; -- Ordinance No. 1610 which waives registration fees so that indigent children can be officially documented by the state. The last fittingly complements the aggressive campaign of our City Civil Registry Office to ensure that every child born in Quezon City is registered and is vested with the legal right to carry a name. From 2001 to 2005, the CCRO has registered 388,124 births, close to 230,000 marriages and 190,000 deaths. Of the births registered, 322,133 registrations have been provided as a free service to indigents. To reduce the number of unregistered children in Quezon City, our LGU has been implementing Operation Birthright, a mobile registration project, in various barangays. This project, implemented in cooperation with Rotary Club, has registered 5,250 undocumented persons from 2001 to July 2006. URBAN DEVELOPMENT: AN ECONOMIC RESPONSE TO POVERTY The City government is redefining the task of reducing poverty as a challenge to create income and wealth for a greater number of the populace. Social responses must be complemented with strategies that create an environment that supports ever increasing business productivity. It is for this reason that the City is aggressively supporting and enhancing its competitive clusters. Renowned marketing guru, Michael Porter, observed that the more prosperous an economy is, the more clustered the economy tends to be. Two of these clusters are strongly evolving the City’s competitive character — that of being the ICT capital of the Philippines and that of being the center of wellness tourism in the country. As the largest and most financially capable city of the most progressive metropolis in the Philippines, it has the capacity to develop its competitive edge in both ICT and health tourism. Quezon City has the highest concentration of ICT buildings and special economic zones in the country. It is home to more than 60 business process outsourcing companies, and the number is growing fast as more enterprises are attracted by our cost-effective and strategic business locations. Already in Quezon City are IBM Daksh, TeleTech, Convergys, Globalstride and many other BPOs. It also has a high number of internationally renowned specialty hospitals that form the base of a thriving health and wellness industry. These two service-oriented clusters will bring in more economic opportunities for the community. Creating a Mixed-Use Economic Zone. It is the only city in Metro Manila that has enough expansive lands still available for massive development. One of these huge tracts is situated across Quezon City Hall. Currently, it yields just Php 535,000 in property taxes but once developed, it can generate more than a billion in real property and business taxes. The concept of the Central Business District (CBD) is to create a mixed-use economic zone: residential, business and institutional. Through a phased development plan, the transformation will be programmed over three stages, projected to take place over a period of 10 years. The residential area is estimated to occupy 39.7 hectares and will be dotted with parks and greenery, providing a pleasant place in which a community can prosper. The business zone will be host to a number of diverse industries that will generate more jobs. A new road and rail network is also proposed to decongest the area, and finally, an eco-friendly internal transit system is planned to facilitate the transportation system within the CBD, while keeping the environment protected. Resources for this development will result from private and public sector partnerships. The City Council is thanked for passing legislation critical to this emerging locus of development, which World Bank consultants have assessed to be the likely center of gravity of all commercial developments in Metro Manila in the coming years. The World Bank is ready to fund further studies to detail the implementation plans. Already, Ayala Corporation has seen the tremendous potential of the area and has been constructing its giant shopping mall at the North Triangle, which will be inaugurated in April 2007. The area is envisioned to be a major inter-modal transport hub and public convergence point in northern Metro Manila, across the street from SM North EDSA, itself one of the biggest shopping complexes in the country. A couple of kilometers from this CBD will arise, the City’s own Silicon Valley with the development of a new science and technology park on 98.5 hectares of the UP campus along Commonwealth. As conceptualized by UP and Ayala Land, it promises to be a magnet for fast-evolving high technology companies. This will also translate to more jobs in Quezon City. Elsewhere, a new skyline is forming where 30 or 40-storey mixed-use buildings shall rise. Indeed, City resources are pouring into investments. Some of these are enterprise projects producing income streams that will not only make these projects self-sustaining, but also produce funds that can be added to our social development and health budget.
QUEZON CITY IS OUR PRIDE
In September 2, 1939, Assemblyman Ramon P. Mitra of the 2nd District of Mountain Province stood before the National Assembly with a bill proposing the creation of a capital city in the country. The bill could have been approved easily, but Mitra wanted it named Balintawak or Andres Bonifacio City for historical reasons. Two assemblymen from Pangasinan, Narciso Ramos, the father of former President Fidel V. Ramos, and Eugenio Perez teamed up to delay the passage of the bill so that a more appropriate name could be selected. When the matter was brought to Malacañang, President Manuel L. Quezon called a group for reaction. Quezon preferred to name the city Harrison City after the former American Governor-General of the Philippines. However, Don Alejandro Roces, Sr., the person closest to President Quezon said, “Let’s call it Quezon City.” Quezon reacted by saying, “Why can’t you people wait until I’m dead before you name anything after me?” But the decision was unanimous, for which Quezon smiled. And so on the afternoon of September 28, 1939, the National Assembly approved Bill No.1206 creating Quezon City. On October 12, 1939, President Quezon signed Commonwealth Act No. 502 now known as the Charter of Quezon City and he himself immediately assumed the position as mayor. After three weeks before the end of 1939, he appointed Tomas Morato, an engineer and a close friend to replace him, thus making him the first Mayor of Quezon City. The first appointees as Quezon City officials were: Pio Pedrosa as City Treasurer who later became Secretary of Finance; Jake Rosenthal as City Assessor; Emilio Abello as City Attorney who later became Executive Secretary; Vicente Fragrante as Vice Mayor and at the same time City Engineer; Dr. Eusebio Aguilar as City Health Officer and also as City Councilor together with Jose Paez and Alejandro Roces, Sr.; Atty. Damian Jimenez as Secretary of the City Council; and Sabino de Leon as Chief of Police. The first City Council of Quezon City was composed only of three people, namely, Dr. Eusebio Aguilar, Jose Paez, and Alejandro Roces, Sr. They continued as City Councilors until the outbreak of World War II when the Japanese invaded the Philippines in 1942. Throughout the Japanese occupation, Quezon City was non-existent. However, the City became a district of the Greater Manila. One Dr. Florencio Cruz was named as District Chief and Atty. Oscar Castelo as Acting Mayor. Right after the war, Sabino De Leon who was the former Chief of Police of Quezon City before the war, was designated as Acting Mayor by Sergio Osmeña, Sr., then the President of the liberated Philippines. On April 23, 1946, a national election was held for the first time after the war. Former President Quezon’s Secretary of Finance Manuel A. Roxas won over incumbent President Sergio Osmeña. Immediately after the elections, President Roxas announced his intention of restoring Quezon City as a regular chartered city. On the eve of Christmas, 1946, President Roxas appointed Engr. Ponciano A. Bernardo as City Mayor. This was probably because Bernardo was City Vice Mayor and City Engineer of Quezon City during the term of Mayor Tomas Morato from 1940 until the outbreak of the war in 1941. When Mayor Bernardo died at the age of 44, together with Mrs. Aurora Aragon Quezon, the wife of President Quezon, in that infamous ambush made by bandits at Bongabong, Nueva Ecija on April 28, 1949, Atty. Nicanor Roxas, who was then Assistant Executive Secretary of President Quirino, became City Mayor up to January 1950. Later on, Rizal Congressman Ignacio Santos-Diaz was appointed City Mayor until the end of the term of Quirino in 1953. In 1954, the new President Ramon Magsaysay appointed Norberto S. Amoranto, a tax lawyer, as City Mayor. He was the first elected Mayor of Quezon City and was the longest serving chief executive of the City. However, due to poor health, Amoranto submitted his resignation to President Ferdinand Marcos after serving for 22 years. In his place, Adelina S. Rodriguez, wife of then Rizal Governor Isidro Rodriguez, was appointed new City Mayor. When Martial Law was lifted and President Marcos was ousted as President in 1986, the new President of the Philippines appointed Brigido R. Simon, Jr. as Officer-in- Charge of the City and was subsequently elected City Mayor in 1987. Simon held the city mayorship until former City Vice-Mayor Ismael A. Mathay, Jr. was elected Mayor in the 1992 elections. Feliciano Belmonte, Jr. who was a three-term congressman of the 4th District of Quezon City and who later on became Speaker of the House of Representatives, was elected City Mayor over movie actor Rudy Fernandez in the election held in May 2001. He is the incumbent City Mayor of Quezon City, after winning his second term over former Mayor Mathay in the 2004 elections. Originally, Quezon City was carved out of the province of Rizal and affected the territories of the municipalities of Caloocan, San Juan, Marikina, Pasig, and Mandaluyong. Its original land area of 1,527 hectares of low-cost housing project in Kamuning District, which was then a part of the municipality of San Juan, was expanded into 7,335 hectares when the law creating it as a new city was enacted under Commonwealth Act 502 on October 12, 1939. Its land area was further expanded to its present size of 15,359 hectares with the passage of Republic Act No. 333 on July 17, 1948 and Republic Act No. 537 on June 1, 1950. These laws extended the City boundaries to include the eight barrios of Caloocan and the eight land estates from nearby southwest territories, making it the biggest local government in Metro Manila in terms of land area and consequently of population. By description, Quezon City is five times bigger than the City of Manila. (Written by former City Councilor Willy M. Gallarpe)
Quezon City’s walk with heroes.
Quezon City’s history weaves so interestingly with the nation’s own. How could the Philippines come to be, if the City’s communities were not so hospitable scenes of nationalism and heroism borne out of the extraordinary pride of a people for their fellowmen and their country? How could this progressive City rise even further, if not for the lessons learned and enriched from the chronicles of a proud past?
Let us walk through history and witness a City born, and evolving to move toward the premiership of Metro Manila. Pre-establishment of Quezon City is of considerable importance in history. As early as the 19th century, the “would be city extraordinaire” already actively participated in nation building.
August 21, 1896. The trail to freedom taken by the Katipuneros began at Balintawak where some 500 leaders of the Katipunan converged to reconsider strategies, after the Spaniards discovered the secret revolutionary organization. But because the Spanish authorities were fast approaching, the group led by Bonifacio had to leave at once. Afternoon of that same day, they stopped at Sitio Kangkong (now at Barangay Apolonio Samson) where they were harbored by the Katipunero Apolonio Samson. The following day, the Katipuneros proceeded to Juan Ramos’ (son of Tandang Sora) residence in Pugad Lawin.
August 23, 1896. Driven by the compassion to attain liberty, the revolutionaries responded to the call of the Great Plebian to take arms and struggle for the country’s freedom from Spanish oppression until the bitter end. As a sign of breakage from the chains of Spanish colonial rule, they undauntedly tore their cedulas. This event has been known today as the Cry of Pugad Lawin, which actually took place in Pugad Lawin and not in Balintawak.
August 24, 1896. Still being chased, the Katipuneros, around 1,000 in number already, took refuge in Melchora Aquino’s residence at Pasong Tamo. In her yard, the wounded were attended to and the hungry were fed. Upon learning of the great threat of the nearing enemies and due to their inferior weaponry, they decided to retreat to Balara. Thus, the Spaniards arrived at an empty Pasong Tamo, with no Katipunero in sight. Contrary to what the Spanish soldiers boasted of, no battle transpired. Instead, they shot two innocent farmers and told the Manila headquarters that they have just won a great battle at Pasong Tamo, which actually was only a mockery.
August 25, 1896. More fighting in the course of the Freedom Trail began. From Balara and Krus na Ligas to Santolan (area near Camp Aguinaldo and Camp Crame today) sparked the bloody revolution, which eventually led to the declaration of Philippine Independence in Kawit, Cavite on June 12, 1898.
December 10, 1898. With the signing of the Treaty of Paris, Spanish rule formally ended but was shortly replaced by the Americans. Not simply giving up to the new foreign power, Filipino armed resistance still actively fought for independence. This gave rise to the Philippine-American War of 1899. In the course of which, one of America’s greatest generals, Henry Lawton, was mortally defeated by General Licerio Geronimo in an area near the Marikina River known today as Barangay Bagong Silangan, a part of Quezon City.
November 1935. Unlike the former colonizers, Americans were liberal enough to allow Filipino participation in governance. Subordinated to the United States, a Commonwealth Government was established which was headed by a Filipino - Manuel Luis Quezon.
October 12, 1939. Chunks of lands carved from Rizal and various municipalities such as Caloocan, San Juan, Marikina, Pasig, and Mandaluyong gave birth to the biggest local government unit in Metro Manila. By virtue of Commonwealth Act No. 502, providing for its charter, Quezon City was established. Along with the establishment of Quezon City was the immediate assumption into office of its first chief executive who was also concurrently the Philippine Commonwealth President, Manuel Quezon. Since then, the dynamism of political leadership in Quezon City has been a spectacle in the realm of public service and politics.
November 10, 1939. Quezon appointed Tomas Morato as Mayor. Under his supervision, the first network of roads was paved. He was able to contain criminality by going after all kinds of vices. He caused the eradication of gambling dens, cockpits, cabarets, and other social evils.
1942. When the Second World War broke out, Quezon City was not regarded a city. It became a district of the Greater Manila Area headed by Oscar Castelo as Acting Mayor and Dr. Florencio Cruz as district chief. It was only after the belligerent occupants vacated the country that city status was restored. Right after the war, President Osmeña appointed former chief of police Sabino De Leon as Acting Mayor.
December 24, 1946. President Roxas, who won over Osmeña in the first national election after the war, appointed Engr. Ponciano Bernardo as Acting Mayor. He was responsible for putting up the old Quezon City Hall at the present compound of Ramon Magsaysay (Cubao) High School. It cost only Php 156,772.48. His other key accomplishments include the Bernardo Park, the Quezon City Public Library, and the Quezon City High School, the first public high school in the locality. It was also during Bernardo’s term that Quezon City became the national capital of the Philippines and was hailed as the permanent seat of the national government, as approved by then President Quirino.
October 22, 1949. Such regard for Quezon City was, however, merely documentary. The de facto stature of Quezon City as the national focus of development was nonetheless actualized three years after, with its inauguration as the “National Capital of the Philippines” and the laying of the capital building’s cornerstone at the Constitutional Hill. These transpired during the term of the eight-month Mayor Nicanor Roxas.
January 6, 1950. Known as “The Builder,” succeeding Mayor Ignacio Santos Diaz constructed some 29 buildings, significantly improving education and other basic social services. During his administration, the expanse of Quezon City reached 15,359 hectares. The number of councilors was likewise increased to eight.
February 4, 1954. Initially appointed on this date by the late President Magsaysay and later on mandated to serve as first elected Quezon City Mayor and seating as such until March 31, 1976, Mayor Norberto Amoranto completed the present 14-storey Quezon City Hall. Among his other accomplishments were the codification, for the first time, of all city ordinances on taxes and revenues; and public works construction such as school buildings, health centers, public markets, libraries, parks, playgrounds, roads and bridges.
April 31, 1976. Breaking into the political arena then dominated by men, Mayor Adelina Rodriguez was appointed into office on this date and was elected on January 30, 1980. Under her administration, women assumed a more active role. She was known for her barangay and social welfare projects. She founded the QC Council for Women to invite more participation from her sector. Among her other programs are the QC Kabuhayan Center, completion of the QC Public Library Main Building and other satellite libraries, installation of artesian wells, and the restoration of the Quezon Memorial Circle Museum.
April 20, 1986. Brigido Simon was designated as Officer-in-Charge of Quezon City and on November 30, 1987 was elected as mayor, the youngest to hold office at 37. He was known for his youthful idealism and economic development strategies. He was elected president of the National Mayor’s League in 1989. He propounded the Php 20 million Manresa Housing Redevelopment Program and the Payatas Estate Housing Program for the landless in Quezon City. He also focused his governance on the cleaning and greening of the City.
July 1, 1992. Ismael Mathay assumed the position of Mayor. He established the Quezon City Polytechnic Institute, which centers on vocational training of the youth. Yakap Day-Care Centers that initially took care of the Quezon City Hall employees’ children, also originated from the Mathay administration. It was also under his supervision that Quezon City was declared “Mother-Baby Friendly City.” Mathay held concurrent positions in the former Metro Manila Authority.
July 1, 2001. By a landslide win, Feliciano Belmonte, Jr. became Mayor of Quezon City. He was reelected by an overwhelming 604,106 votes in 2004 -- a margin of 436,336 votes over his closest opponent -- as constituents of Quezon City enjoyed and appreciated the fruits of his achievement. He is a multi-awarded Mayor well known for his effective fiscal management, massive infrastructure development and breakthrough social and health programs. His achievements are presented in detail in this annual report.
Community Chronicles: Tales Oft Told.
Niche of 1896 heroism, Balintawak has interesting etymological roots. An old maid named Aling Baleng once lived in the area we now call Balintawak. She was born with a twin snake locally known as tawak. This made her capable of curing all types of snakebites, howsoever severe. Once, her fiancé who, instead of marrying her, committed himself to another woman, came to her pleading that he be cured from snakebite. She at first refused but was moved by her kind heart. She lacerated the wounded part and suckled the venom. The man was saved from the claws of death but Baleng was poisoned in turn, which caused her death. In honor of her deed, their place was named Baleng-Tawak. Later on, it was casually called Balintawak.
More than just a folk tale, Barangay Balon Bato has its own version of creation. According to this legend, heaven and earth had no beginning and end. They simply existed. Playing in the vastness of the cosmos were the land wind and sea wind. From their marital union came the first living thing, the bamboo tree. A bird once perched on it and from its hollowness breathed the first man (named Silalac) and woman (named Sicabay). Its name came from the popular well in the place, which is made of stone from its mouth up to the bottom.
One of the oldest existing barangays in the country, Krus na Ligas, also has an interesting literature. Local myths tell that Nuestro Señor Jesucristo was the area’s former name, taken after their patron saint. One day, the valued icon was stolen, including the golden crown. A few days after, the chapel’s caretaker noticed vines growing on top of the chapel. He tried to uproot the plant and even poured boiling water to get rid of it, but to no avail. So the people just let it grow there. They noticed that the leaves’ texture was coarse, which was locally termed maligas. Still later, they noticed that the vines formed a cross. Since then, people started calling the place Krus na Ligas.
San Francisco del Monte was founded on February 17, 1590 by the group of Franciscan monks that established a “retiro” in the elevated lands (100 feet above sea level) of what was customarily called then as Frisco. The missionaries built a church and convent made of bamboo and nipa, dedicated to Our Lady of Monte Coeli (meaning Heavenly Mount). Later on, it was re-named after Pedro Bautista y Blasquez, who was among the Franciscans who significantly contributed to the early Filipinos’ education, health care, spiritual, and moral well-being. The church was eventually renovated with wood, then with adobe. Among its features are the “retablos” (or side altars), sacristy, meditation cave, patio, and the relic of San Pedro Bautista.
Initially named and tagged as housing for the obrero (meaning common workers), the district was actually resided in mostly by government employees as part of the People’s Homesite. Later on, it came to be known as Kamuning, after a shrub or tree three to eight meters tall from the Rutacase Family (murraya exotica).
Barangay Tatalon has been known as such even during the Spanish regime when it was still a territory of Sampaloc, Manila. It was only after World War II that Quezon City gained jurisdiction over the area of Tatalon. It has been so called because of the continuous flow of water into the deep creek situated in the middle part of the barrio. From the local term talon, meaning to jump and also a waterfall, it became Tatalon. Its sitios include Matalahib (attributed to the tall grasses in the area called talahib), Daungan (since the place was usually where the bancas are anchored) which is bordering the Beata River, Balong Pipa (from a willow resembling a big pipe or pipa), Piñahan (because of the vast pineapple crops that used to be planted there), Sapang Bato, Matang Tubig (where wells sprung with crystal clear waters then consumed by the people), and Manggahan (from the great mango trees found in the place).
Cubao has been, for a long time, a center of modern living characterized by vigorous commerce, theaters and bright lights. But stories of its beginnings provide a different angle. It has been said that Cubao was once a jungle mass of termites and white ants. Moreover, it was regarded as a dwelling place of witches who were believed to take the form of hunchbacks or kuba. Since the original settlers in the place were hunchbacks, every time people saw a hunchback, they would remark, “Kuba o!” Later on, the name of the area evolved to Cubao.
Pasong Tamo was among the routes and destinations of the Katipuneros back in August 1896, a few days before the revolution against Spain broke out. In the course of trekking the narrow trails of the place, the revolutionaries noticed the stray grasses growing on the side, as if creating a path, which was then known as “tamo.” They called the trail, Pasong Tamo which has been used up to the present.
Novaliches was called Tala as early as the 19th century. Tala, meaning star, came from the its first settlers who found in the area a huge church made of stone supported by enormous hard wood posts and a strong brick roofing. Beside the church was a sizeable convent with the same tough materials. Aside from the two inhabitants of the place who were a Spanish priest named Father Fermin and a companion, no other signs of human habitation was traceable in the immense wilderness of the area. But surely, the two structures could not have been built from nowhere so the people just said that it came from a star or tala. Eventually, more people populated Tala because of the promise of Father Fermin that old and new settlers will be awarded lands in the place. Still later, a gobernadorcillo named Novaliches, was sent to Tala and he, together with other officials, organized the first civil government in the place. For a long time, Novaliches managed Tala; thus, gaining fame, wealth, and influence. It was not long when the name of the place was changed to Bayan ng Novaliches. Today, the “Bayan ng” has been dropped and we call the place simply Novaliches.